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  • 1.
    Andersson, Jonna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Jarl, Rebecka
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Restaurangbyggnad i Eskilstuna stadspark: Förslag på placering och utformning2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The city park of Eskilstuna is under development. In 2013 the municipal of Eskilstuna kept a dialog with its citizens about the city park. They were given the opportunity to leave wishes and proposals about the development of the park and the larger part of the proposals recieved were wishes of a serving building. The question was where to place it and what the configuration of this building is going to look like? The purpose of this undertaking is to work out a place of gathering with high comfort and service for the park visitors along with making it fit for the parks character. The natural light and beautiful views are to take into consideration and usage when designing a building. Large glass sections facing open views are growing more common. When choosing the type of glass to be used for this one should take into consideration the noise of surrounding traffic. The question here is what type of glass to use specifically for the serving building in Eskilstuna city park, based on the technical aspects of sound and light? When searching the Swedish literature for scientific papers on architecture considering the designing of a restaurant building, we discovered an existing gap. This paper only covers the requirements on noise, material, fire and availability, function and the placement of the building, together with the architechtural properties. In this paper three areas regarding placement taken from the city parks developmental plan have been audited. The aspects audited is the choice for placement of light, surrounding vegetation, view, quarter, noise, traffic, availability and the logistics regarding pedestrians and vehicles. Areas are named A, B and C. Area C was chosen as the most suitable as the traffic surrounding is most distant there. Area C also possesses a beautiful view, it’s located at the centre of the park and surrounding vegetation provides a light shade. The configuration of the building is made with support from Swedish literature regarding the architechtural aspects of alignment, movement, envelopment, light and areal organization. This is presented in the form of drawings and explanations. The glass chosen for the restaurant building is based on a comparison of several audited types of glass. The chosen glass, named Modell 1, have good and suiting properties regarding noise reduction, transmission, reflection and U-value and is therefore considered to hold a higher performance in comparison to the other types of audited glass. 

  • 2.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Communication space: Spatial design in manufacturing industry2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main concern of this licentiate thesis is to discuss how built space is used for communication in the manufacturing industry, from a visual communication perspective. The thesis presents and develops the notion of 'communication space' and presents a model to describe the relation between different factors in the communication space.

    In a multiple case study, six different cases from the manufacturing industry are described and analyzed to highlight how built space is used for communication in a lean production context. Research results on how built spaces such as improvement places, meeting places and a development workshop affect improvement processes and communication are presented. What the studied improvement areas, meeting places and workshop can be said to communicate about the improvement processes is analyzed.

    The research results show that the built spaces in manufacturing industry are used for communication on two levels, both as places for interaction between employees and as a part of a communication process. The study also shows a relation between architecture from a specific time and the relation to the improvement work in the industrial context. How the results can be used to facilitate communication in the built spaces used for improvement processes in manufacturing industry is suggested in the thesis.

  • 3.
    Börjesson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Stade, Christian
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Volvos Utvecklingsverkstad: En studie i färgteori och inre miljöer på verkstadsplatser2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten avhandlar arbetet med att ta fram ett förslag som förlänger Volvos kärnvärden - kvalitet, säkerhet och miljöhänsyn, ut i Utvecklingsverkstaden på Volvo Construction Equipment, Hauler Loader Business Line, i Eskilstuna. Förslaget är utformat som ett koncept, som ska kunna överföras till andra verkstadsmiljöer på Volvo, om så önskas. Idéförslaget har baserats på en studie av den befintliga Utvecklingsversktaden. En modell av verkstaden i skala 1:50 utformades som presentationsmedium.

    Vid examensarbetets slut har förslaget presenterats och utvärderats av målgruppen. Den primära målgruppen har varit de anställda på avdelningen.

    Slutsatserna av arbetet är att en informationsbärande interiör kan formges för att representera ett företags kärnvärden och visa på innovation och framtidstänk. De visar också på att en fysisk modell är ett bra medium för en presentation av ett förslag till en informativ estetisk utformning.

  • 4.
    Ekoutsidou, Caroline
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Ombyggnad av skolbyggnad för nya verksamheter: En visionsstudie för Wenströmska skolan och dess närområde2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    New production is not the only thing that is important for the city’s growth. It is also crucial to recover existing buildings in order to create attractive areas. There is a school in Västerås city called Wenströmska skolan which consists of six high schools that provide different professional specializations and which has an area of about 35000 square meters. Due to many different reasons the city has decided to close the school down and any decisions on what to do with the remaining buildings have not yet been made. The aim of this thesis is to develop a proposal on Wenströmska skolan future. The proposal illustrates a vision towards adaptive reuse of school’s buildings based on the district’s needs and the city’s visions for the future. The proposal can be used as inspiration in the larger context or as idea for upcoming decisions regarding Wenströmska skolan. The theoretical part is an overview and compilation of general requirements and rules on availability and technical aspects regarding school buildings design. The pre-study investigates the best alternative which is based on the needs in the district that provides support making the choice of activities. SWOT-analysis helps to define strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats which affect the choice of activities too. New drawings are created in order to illustrate the proposal. Both the buildings and the plot of Wenströmska skolan are used to develop the proposal. The buildings can be adapted to a secondary school in combination with other operations such as sports and health, cultural, music and theater, rooms and areas for children activities, a restaurant with food from different cultures, offices spaces for companies and new residents. The buildings and the plot can also be used as a gathering place. The proposal shows that adoption of the vision may help to raise social values, sustainability and quality of life in the district. The residents would be connected in a way they haven’t been before. 

  • 5.
    Fjeldstad, Erica
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Svanbäck, Madelene
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Svensson, Julia
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    MILJÖVÄNLIGT BYGGANDE I SKÅNE: Planering och utformning av en ekoby i Glimåkra2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The idea for this project is to design an eco-village on a property in Glimåkra in Skåne of southern Sweden, which is owned by the municipality of Östra Göinge. All of the designs in this eco-village would be built with materials that will benefit the environment and the people living there. This community would also have low energy consumption and will achieve the Miljöbyggnad Gold certification. Initially, a few eco-villages in Sweden were studied and reviewed in order to get more experience in the subject and to find inspiration. Three different types of housing units were chosen to be compared to one another to determine the two most efficient candidates.  Two townhouses, two duplexes, and two villas were designed. One of each type was a simple and square compact design while the other was a more aesthetic shaped design. While reviewing the energy consumption calculations, the aesthetically designed duplex and the aesthetically designed townhouse proved to consume smaller amounts of energy than the remaining building designs. These two designs consumed smaller amounts of energy to heat the buildings and provided additional space for solar cells. The compact duplex design ended up being the only design to be able to achieve the Miljöbyggnad Gold certification, but the energy consumption of the building did not compete with the aforementioned designs. The exterior materials to be used were chosen because of their low ecological impact and how well they blend with the surroundings. The comparisons of three different types of buildings with two different designs of each helps highlight the many factors that affect the efficiency and sustainability of a building. After studying and comparing many real-world examples of energy efficient housing with these theoretical designs, the aesthetically designed duplex and townhouse will be the best performing floor plans for the eco-village in Glimåkra, Skåne. 

  • 6.
    Handfast, Mikael
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Paskota, Sarah
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Designa ditt eget boende: Studiolägenheter – en framtida bostadsutveckling2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Hägg Wickman, Camilla
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Wistling, Linda
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Byggnadens andra skepnad: En anpassning för att möta samhällets behov och krav2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Population growth leads to an increased need for new buildings, both residential and commercial. The regulations of structural design also changes with time. From a sustainable community perspective it may be profitable if existing buildings, that no longer performs their original function, are reconditioned. Knowledge and understanding of the surroundings of the residence must be available. Regulations regarding accessibility to all has increased. There are solutions in older residences that are not thoroughly thought through and leave much to be desired for a disabled person.

    The purpose of this thesis is to find a practical, creative and energy-efficient solution to change the Gideonsberg School into apartments, this in respect of the building, the site's visual expression, energy consumption, accessibility, and community needs. Questions asked and answered in this thesis are: How can the energy consumption be reduced in connection with a redevelopment and functional change? What is required to get an accessible living environment? What features are important and desirable in a home? How can the school's appearance and surroundings change to be more appealing and tied together with existing and prospective structures?

    Through site visits and literature an understanding has taken form on the requirements to create a pleasant and accessible living environment. Drawings and photographs have been created in Revit in order to present an overview of the study results.

    The architect office Tovatt won a design challenge that the City of Västerås held for the Kungsljuset 2 area. Tovatt's proposal of the area will be the basis for a new zoning plan in consultation with the City of Västerås. One of the goals of this thesis is to plan and redesign the existing school buildings so that they fit into the surrounding buildings and the proposal from Tovatt.

    There are certain technical regulations a building must fulfill. These regulations include the durability of the construction, stability and carrying capacity. The building must be suitable for its intended use and be available for people with limited orientation and mobility. Safety regulations for fire, safety in use, noise, hygiene, health and the environment must be met. From an environmental perspective there are also regulations regarding energy consumption, thermal insulation and management of waste and water.

    The proposal of this thesis is to turn three of the Gideonsberg School’s existing structures into 59 apartments and one terraced house with five apartments.

  • 8.
    Jalilzadehazhari, Elaheh
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Vadiee, Amir
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Johansson, Peter
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Achieving a trade‐off construction solution using BIM, an optimization algorithm, and a multi‐criteria decision‐making method2019In: Buildings, ISSN 2075-5309, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 1-14, article id 81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Energy Performance of Building Directive obligated all European countries to reduce the energy requirements of buildings while simultaneously improving indoor environment quality. Any such improvements not only enhance the health of the occupants and their productivity, but also provide further economic benefits at the national level. Accomplishing this task requires a method that allows building professionals to resolve conflicts between visual and thermal comfort, energy demands, and life-cycle costs. To overcome these conflicts, this study exploits the incorporation of building information modelling (BIM), the design of experiments as an optimization algorithm, and the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) into a multi-criteria decision-making method. Any such incorporation can (i) create constructive communication between building professionals, such as architects, engineers, and energy experts; (ii) allow the analysis of the performance of multiple construction solutions with respect to visual and thermal comfort, energy demand, and life-cycle costs; and (iii) help to select a trade-off solution, thereby making a suitable decision. Three types of energy-efficient windows, and five types of ground floors, roofs, and external wall constructions were considered as optimization variables. The incorporation of several methods allowed the analysis of the performance of 375 construction solutions based on a combination of optimization variables, and helped to select a trade-off solution. The results showed the strength of incorporation for analyzing big-data through the intelligent use of BIM and a simulation in the field of the built environment, energy, and costs. However, when applying AHP, the results are strongly contingent on pairwise comparisons.

  • 9.
    Yousef, Jivara
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    ARBETSMILJÖ OCH SÄKERHET: Systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete på byggarbetsplatser i Mellansverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The construction industry is a large industry with approximately 320,000 employees according to the Swedish construction industry. As the work environment at construction sites affects a large number of individuals, it is important that there is good security at the construction sites, in order to reduce and prevent workers in the construction industry from being injured. The work thesis has been carried out in collaboration with Tuna Förvaltning & Entreprenad AB with the aim of creating better conditions for work environment and strategic safety work at Tuna Förvaltning & Entreprenad AB's construction sites, as well as highlighting risks and safety aspects. This qualitative study has been carried out at Tuna Förvaltning & Entreprenad AB, where semi-structured interviews and observations were conducted to then use the information as the foundation of the study. The work has also been based on reviewed literature studies in the form of pre-review. In order to have a good working environment and safety at the construction sites, a number of factors are involved. The study shows that time, cleaning, communication, education and experience are the factors that have the greatest impact on the work environment and safety. According to some of Tuna Förvaltning & Entreprenad AB's workforce, there will always be deficiencies in safety, while some claim that a "zero vision" is possible to reach, so far no occupational accidents has occurred at Tuna Förvaltning & Entreprenad AB's construction sites, however, it seems that the subject does not get enough time, resources and like to prevent future accidents with "safety-first". The Work Environment Authority requires employers to systematically work with environment and safety issues with a vision of "zero tolerance", in which is strengthened by the work environment act. The interviews show that the viewpoint of the working environment differs depending on what perspective is being analyzed, for example, the supervisor has a wider perspective and greater responsibility whilst the professional worker has more narrow perspective and less responsibility. The survey shows that planning and preventive work can prevent workplace accidents with a systematic follow-up. In order for professionals and supervisors to understand the risks and preventive work they should be educated and thus gain an awareness of the problem. Improvement needs to create more awareness and prevention for work environment and safety with "safety deadline" have always been a goal to reach. One hope is that the working environment and security policy will contribute to improved security at the company's construction sites. systematic environmental work simplified by existing routines in environmental work for construction workers, leads to increased workplace safety and fewer occupational accidents.

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