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Optimal use of forest residues in Europe under different policies-second generation biofuels versus combined heat and power
Division of Energy Systems, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University.
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9230-1596
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), 2361 Laxenburg, Austria.
2013 (English)In: Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, ISSN 2190-6815, Vol. 3, no 1, 3-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

The European Union has set a 10 % target for the share of renewable energy in the transportation sector for 2020. To reach this target, second generation biofuels from, for example, forest residues are expected to replace around 3 % of the transport fossil fuel consumption. However, forest residues could also be utilised in the heat and electricity sectors where large amounts of fossil fuels can be replaced, thus reducing global fossil CO2 emissions. This study investigates the use of forest residues for second generation biofuel (ethanol or methanol) or combined heat and power (CHP) production at the European level, with focus on the influence of different economic policy instruments, such as carbon cost or biofuel policy support. A techno-economic, geographically explicit optimisation model is used. The model determines the optimal locations of bioenergy conversion plants by minimising the cost of the entire supply chain. The results show that in order to reach a 3 % second generation biofuel share, a biofuel support comparable to today's tax exemptions would be needed. With a carbon cost applied, most available forest residues would be allocated to CHP production, with a substantial resulting CO2 emission reduction potential. The major potential for woody biomass and biofuel production is found in the region around the Baltic Sea, with Italy as one of the main biofuel importers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 3, no 1, 3-16 p.
Keyword [en]
Bioenergy, Energy policy, Energy system optimisation, Second generation biofuels, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Cogeneration plants, Costs, Economics, Emission control, Ethanol, Forestry, Fossil fuels, Methanol, Optimization, Power generation, Renewable energy resources, Supply chains, Taxation, A-carbon, Baltic sea, Bio-energy, Bioenergy conversion, Biofuel policies, Biofuel production, Carbon costs, Combined heat and power, Combined heat and power production, Economic policies, Emission reduction potentials, European levels, European union, Forest residue, Heat and electricity, Large amounts, Optimal locations, Optimisation models, Renewable energies, Second generation, Tax exemptions, Techno-economics, Transportation sector, Woody biomass, Biofuels, Supply Chain Management
National Category
Energy Engineering Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-32415DOI: 10.1007/s13399-012-0054-2Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84978023102OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-32415DiVA: diva2:950159
Available from: 2016-07-28 Created: 2016-07-28 Last updated: 2016-08-18Bibliographically approved

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Dotzauer, Erik

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