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Error Handling Algorithm and Probabilistic Analysis Under Fault for CAN-Based Steer-by-Wire System
Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Durian Tunggal, Malaysia .
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Malaysia .
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5053-6725
Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, India.
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2016 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, ISSN 1551-3203, E-ISSN 1941-0050, Vol. 12, no 3, 1017-1034 p., 7435293Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

This paper proposes an efficient way to handle fault in controller area network (CAN)-based networked control system (NCS). A fault in a bus line of CAN will induce a data error which will result in data dropout or time delay, and subsequently may lead to performance degradation or system instability. A strategy to handle fault occurrence in CAN bus is proposed to properly analyze the effect of the fault to CAN-based NCS performance. The fault occurrences are modeled based on fault interarrival time, fault bursts' duration, and Poisson law. Using fault and messages' attributes, response time analysis (RTA) is performed and the probability of control message missing its deadline is calculated. Utilizing the new error handling algorithm to replace the native error handling of CAN, the probability of a control message missing its deadline can be translated into the probability of data dropout for control message. This methodology is evaluated using steer-by-wire system of vehicle to analyze the effect of fault occurrences in CAN. It is found that the proposed error handling mechanism has resulted in better NCS performance and the range of data dropout probability for control message also could be obtained, which serves as crucial input for NCS controller design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 12, no 3, 1017-1034 p., 7435293
Keyword [en]
Controller area network (CAN), data error handling, fault model, networked control system (NCS), probabilistic schedulability analysis, steer-by-wire (SbW) system, Algorithms, Control system analysis, Control system synthesis, Control systems, Data handling, Delay control systems, Errors, Networked control systems, Probability, Process control, System stability, Time delay, Wire, Controller area network, Data errors, Schedulability analysis, Steer-by-wire, Controllers
National Category
Computer Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-32382DOI: 10.1109/TII.2016.2543232ISI: 000378530300013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84976295515OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-32382DiVA: diva2:948898
Available from: 2016-07-14 Created: 2016-07-14 Last updated: 2016-07-14Bibliographically approved

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