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Barn- och ungdomars tillvaro efter avslutad elitsatsning: En kvalitativ studie ur ett förälderperspektiv
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Fysisk aktivitet är en determinant för en god folkhälsa. Till följd av detta vill idrottsrörelsen bidra till en utvecklig inom idrotten för att öka deltagarantalet och motivera människor att vara fysiskt aktiva livet ut. Ett dilemma som dock är förekommande inom elitidrotten är att många slutar idrottsutövandet innan de nått sin topp nivå.

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka föräldrars uppfattningar om deras barns tillvaro efter avslutad elitsatsning. En kvalitativ metod tillämpades och vid datainsamlingen genomfördes fem semistrukturerade intervjuer. Det insamlade materialet analyserades med hjälp av en manifest innehållsanalys. I resultatet framkommer det att flera av barnen som tidigare varit en del av en elitsatsning gått från en fysiskt aktiv livsstil till en friare livsstil där det upplevs finnas utrymme för spontanitet och lekfullhet. Vardagen inkluderas numer av nyfunna vänner och ett större fokus förkommer på studier alternativt jobb. Den tidigare sociala miljön som bestod av idrottsarenan har i stort bytts ut till andra miljöer. Den identitet de tidigare haft med idrotten har förlorats och i samband med elitsatsningens upphörande drabbades barnen av psykisk ohälsa, med de upplevs idag må bättre. Slutsatsen för denna studie är att tillvaron har förändrats hos samtliga barn efter avslutad elitsatsning.

Abstract [en]

Physical activity is a determinant of public health. Hence the Swedish sports movement wish to contribute to the development of sporting activities as a way to increase the number of participants and motivate people to stay physically active throughout life. A common issue in elite level sports is that many end their career before reaching their final potential.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the parent’s perspective regarding their children’s being after ending their elite effort. A qualitative method was applied and data was collected in five semi-structured interviews. The collected material was analyzed with a manifest content analysis. The result indicated that several of the children, who previously had been a part of an elite investment, had changed their lifestyle from a physically active lifestyle to a freer way of life where it is perceived to be room for spontaneity and playfulness. Everyday life nowadays includes new friends and greater focus on studies or job. Former social context focused around the sports arena are now taking place in other environments. Their previous identification with their sport has been lost and by ending their elite efforts the children's mental health declaimed, however they have later recovered to some extent. The conclusion of this study is that life has changed for the children after ending their elite effort.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Public health, Physical activity, Swedish sports movement, Qualitative interviews, Psychosocial health, Social contexts
Keyword [sv]
Folkhälsa, Fysisk aktivitet, Idrottsrörelsen, Kvalitativa intervjuer, Psykosocial hälsa, Sociala sammanhang
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-32252OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-32252DiVA: diva2:943929
Subject / course
Science of Public Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-29 Created: 2016-06-28 Last updated: 2016-06-29Bibliographically approved

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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf