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Mechanical diagnosis and therapy in back pain: Compliance and social cognitive theory
PrimärvårdsRehab Södra, Rehab Årsta, Årsta, Sweden.
tockholm Norr sjukgymnastik, Åkersberga, Sweden.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5064-8820
2007 (English)In: Advances in Physiotherapy, ISSN 1403-8196, E-ISSN 1651-1948, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 190-197Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe social cognitive theory (SCT) constructs and exercise compliance, and to explore relations between SCT variables and exercise compliance in patients with lumbar derangement syndrome during mechanical diagnosis and therapy (MDT) treatment. Fifty-eight subjects completed the study. The data collection included measures relevant to SCT constructs and compliance: outcome expectations and expectancies, self-efficacy expectations, behavioural capability, and self-reported frequency of exercise occasions, as well as treatment outcomes regarding pain intensity and disability. Data were collected at five occasions during treatment and during a 2-month follow-up period. The subjects received a mean of three movements (range one to five) as home exercises. The mean number of weeks with these exercises was 4 (range 1-6). High median scores were found in all variables related to SCT. The median compliance rates varied between 79% (week 1) and 91% (week 3) during treatment. During the first follow-up month, the compliance rate was 79% and during the second month of follow-up 62%. Pain intensity and disability decreased during treatment. Although there were no significant correlations between the SCT variables and exercise compliance, the descriptive data are in line with SCT.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 9, no 4, p. 190-197
Keywords [en]
Adherence, Lumbar derangement syndrome, McKenzie, Physical therapy, Treatment, adult, aged, article, backache, controlled study, correlation analysis, disease severity, female, follow up, home physiotherapy, human, kinesiotherapy, low back pain, major clinical study, male, outcome assessment, patient attitude, patient compliance, physical disability, self concept, Social Cognitive Theory, treatment duration, treatment outcome
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Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-31739DOI: 10.1080/14038190701433241Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-36749056380OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-31739DiVA, id: diva2:933748
Available from: 2016-06-07 Created: 2016-06-07 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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