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The New Generation of Thai Fathers: Breadwinners involved in Parenting
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Prachomklao College of Nursing, Phetchaburi, Thailand.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5399-9545
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6223-1109
Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Udon Thani, Thailand.
Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Uttraradit, Thailand.
Show others and affiliations
(English)In: American Journal of Men's Health, ISSN 1557-9883, E-ISSN 1557-9891Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Becoming a father for the first time might cause great changes in a man’s identity and lifestyle. Teenage fathers must strive to balance two competing roles: the teenage role and the father role. The current study design followed grounded theory methodology to gain a deeper understanding of how Thai teenage fathers reason about becoming and being a father from a gender equality perspective. Participants were selected from a heterogeneous group of fathers until saturation was reached (n = 25). Most of the fathers were cohabiting with their partner in an extended family. An interview guide was developed, a pilot study was undertaken, and interviews were performed on two different occasions: once during the second trimester of pregnancy and again when the baby was 5 to 6 months old. The core category, “Male breadwinners involved in parenting,” encompassed persons making the transition from being solely a teenager to being a teenage father. Most of the fathers accepted the unintended pregnancy and took on the expected breadwinning responsibility of a father. They prepared for fatherhood and changed their lifestyle. Their families provided support. Nevertheless, the fathers sought to avoid further unplanned parenthood by learning about family planning. The teenage fathers emphasized breadwinning first, then involved himself in the child and the housework. These findings provide an increased understanding of Thai teenage fathers.

Keyword [en]
fatherhood; grounded theory; teenage fathers; Thailand
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Care Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-31707DOI: 10.1177/1557988316651062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-31707DiVA: diva2:933146
Available from: 2016-06-03 Created: 2016-06-03 Last updated: 2016-10-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Becoming a Thai teenage parent
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Becoming a Thai teenage parent
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this dissertation is to contribute to the understanding of Thai teenage parents’ experiences of becoming a parent as well as to examine healthcare providers’ reflections on their experiences of caring for teenage parents.

The findings are based on three studies using mixed methods and resulting in four papers. The empirical data were collected in western Thailand between 2013 and 2015, in a province with a high incidence of teenage pregnancy. Paper I: Empirical data were based on three self-reported validated questionnaires. The sample consisted of 70 teenage and 70 adult fathers. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U-test, and Chi-square test were used for the analysis. Papers II and III: A heterogeneous group of 25 teenage couples (n=50) were interviewed before and after the birth of their first child, using grounded theory methodology. Paper IV: Four focus-group discussions were conducted with 21 healthcare providers; latent content analysis was used for analysis.

Teenage fathers scored lower than adult fathers on scales measuring the father’s sense of competence, the father’s childrearing behavior, and the father-child relationship (paper I). The teenage mothers reported how they struggled with physical and social changes, for example bodily changes, breastfeeding and having to leave school, while the teenage fathers gave examples of coping with their future responsibility by working hard to save money for future family needs (paper III). The teenagers’ own parents were an important source of support all the way from pregnancy to childrearing, and their provision of childcare, advice, and instructions helped the teenage parents to cope with their duties. Most of the teenage parents reproduced traditional gender roles by being a caring mother or a breadwinning father (papers II–III). The healthcare providers were concerned about the young parents, viewed themselves as providing comprehensive care, and suggested access to reproductive health care and improved sex education as ways to improve quality (paper IV).

The young couples’ stories describe how they struggled and coped with life changes when becoming unintentionally pregnant, accepting their parenthood, and finally becoming parents. A supportive family played a vital role in the transition to parenthood.

Health promotion efforts for this particular group should be undertaken continuously to improve the quality of care for teenage parents and to promote the infants’ well-being and future development.

Keywords: childrearing, fatherhood, focus-group discussions, grounded theory, healthcare providers, teenage fathers, teenage parents, Thai teenagers

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2016. 92 p.
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 209
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Care Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-33180 (URN)978-91-7485-283-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-10-28, Beta, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-09-15 Created: 2016-09-15 Last updated: 2016-10-07Bibliographically approved

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Sriyasak, AtcharawadeeAlmqvist, Anna-LenaHäggström-Nordin, Elisabet
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