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Practiced linguistic-cultural ideologies and educational policies: A case study of a "bilingual Sweden Finnish School"
Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1993-4404
Örebro universitet, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1846-858X
Stockholms universitet,Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5537-7567
2016 (English)In: Journal of Language, Identity & Education, ISSN 1534-8458, E-ISSN 1532-7701, Vol. 15, no 6, 329-343 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores linguistic-cultural ideologies and educational policies as they emerge and are negotiated in everyday life in a bilingual school setting, located in the geopolitical spaces of Sweden. Taking sociocultural theory and discourse analysis as points of departure, we focus on empirical examples of classroom interaction and locally established formal policing. Linguistic-cultural ideologies and educational policies that frame life at the school are investigated by employing nexus analytical methods, focusing on social (inter)actions through which a number of locally and nationally relevant discourses circulate. Our findings indicate that refocusing ideology and policy research from the lens of a practiced perspective allows the situated and distributed nature of everyday life to inform issues related to bilingualism as well as their relations to wider societal discourses. Furthermore, our analysis highlights the crucial role of educators in (re)locating bilingual education in its societal contexts as well as making these connections visible in classrooms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 15, no 6, 329-343 p.
Keyword [en]
social practices, everyday life, ethnography, nexus analysis, bilingual education, educational policy
National Category
Didactics Specific Languages
Research subject
Didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-31704DOI: 10.1080/15348458.2016.1217160ISI: 000390106400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84987879343OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-31704DiVA: diva2:933104
Projects
LIMCUL och DIMuL
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2016-06-03 Created: 2016-06-03 Last updated: 2017-07-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Languaging and Social Positioning in Multilingual School Practices: Studies of Sweden Finnish Middle School Years
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Languaging and Social Positioning in Multilingual School Practices: Studies of Sweden Finnish Middle School Years
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of the thesis is to examine young people’s languaging, including literacy practices, and its relation to meaning-making and social positioning. Framed by sociocultural and dialogical perspectives, the thesis builds upon four studies that arise from (n)ethnographic fieldwork conducted in two different settings: an institutional educational setting where bilingualism and biculturalism are core values, and social media settings.

In the empirical studies, micro-level interactions, practices mediated by languaging and literacies, social positionings and meso-level discourses as well as their intertwinedness have been explored and discussed. The data, analysed through adapted conversational and discourse analytical methods, include video and audio recordings, field notes, pedagogic materials, policy documents, photographs as well as (n)ethnographic data.

Study I illuminates the doing of linguistic-cultural ideologies and policies in everyday pedagogical practices and focuses on situated and distributed social actions as nexuses of several practices where a number of locally and nationally relevant discourses circulate.  In Study II, the focus is on everyday communicative practices on the micro and meso levels and the interrelations of different linguistic varieties and modalities in the bilingual-bicultural educational setting. Study III highlights young people’s languaging, including literacies, in everyday learning practices that stretch across formal and informal learning spaces. Study IV examines social positioning and identity work in informal and heteroglossic literacy practices across the offline-online continuum. Consequently, the four studies map the kinds of languaging practices young people are engaged in both inside and outside of what are labelled as bilingual school settings. Furthermore, the studies highlight the kinds of social positions they perform and are oriented towards in the course of their everyday lives.

Overall, the findings of the thesis highlight issues of bilingualism as pedagogy and practice, the (un)problematicity of multilingualism across space and time and multilingual-multimodal languaging as a premise for social positioning. Together, the studies and the thesis form a descriptive-analytical illustration of “multilingual” young people’s everyday lives in and out of school in late modern societies of the global North. Overall, the thesis provides insights concerning the education and lives of a large, yet sparsely documented minority group in Sweden, i.e. the Sweden Finns.

Abstract [sv]

Denna avhandling fokuserar på ungdomars språkande, inklusive literacy-praktiker, och dess relation till deras meningsskapande och social positionering. Avhandlingen tar avstamp i sociokulturell och dialogisk teoribildning och bygger på fyra studier som blivit till genom (n)etnografiskt fältarbete i två olika sammanhang: inom en skola där tvåspråkighet och bikulturalitet är viktiga värderingar, och sociala medier.

I de empiriska studierna undersöks hur interaktion, språkande och literacy-praktiker och sociala positioneringar görs på mikronivå. Dessa fenomen studeras vidare i anslutning till och som en del av diskurser som drivs på meso-nivå. Avhandlingens data har analyserats med tillämpade samtals- och diskursanalytiska metoder och inkluderar video- och audioinspelningar, fältanteckningar, pedagogiska material, policy-dokumentation, fotografier samt (n)etnografiskt skapad data.

I Studie I undersöks hur lingvistisk-kulturella ideologier och policys görs i vardagliga pedagogiska praktiker. Den fokuserar på situerade och distribuerade sociala handlingar som praktiknexus där flera lokalt och nationellt relevanta diskurser cirkulerar. Studie II intresserar sig för vardagliga kommunikativa praktiker på mikro- och meso-nivåer samt för samspelet av språkliga varieteter och modaliteter i den tvåspråkiga-bikulturella skolan. I Studie III studeras ungdomars språkande, inklusive literacies, i vardagliga lärandepraktiker som sträcker sig över tid och rum i formella och informella lärandemiljöer. Studie IV fokuserar på social positionering och identitetsarbete i informella och heteroglossiska literacy-praktiker både offline och online. Tillsammans kartlägger de fyra studierna olika slags språkandepraktiker som ungdomarna deltar i och bidrar till både inom och utanför vad som kallas för tvåspråkiga skolsammanhang. Vidare illustrerar studierna vardagslivets görande av olika slags sociala positioneringar och identitetsperformanser.

Resultaten visar på hur tvåspråkigheten i skolans värld kan ses som både pedagogik och praktik, att flerspråkigheten är (o)problematisk för ungdomarna och för skolan och att språkandets karaktär som flerspråkig och multimodal är central för social positionering. Studierna och avhandlingen bildar tillsammans en deskriptiv-analytisk illustration av ”flerspråkiga” ungdomars vardag i och utanför skolan i ett senmodernt nordiskt samhälle. Vidare bidrar avhandlingen till kunskapsbasen gällande utbildningsfrågor och vardag för en av Sveriges nationella minoriteter, sverigefinländare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2016. 159 p.
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 205
Series
Mälardalen Studies in Educational Sciences, 26
Keyword
languaging, social positioning, social interaction, sociocultural, dialogical, ethnography, bilingual education, multilingual, Sweden Finns
National Category
Didactics Specific Languages
Research subject
Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-31774 (URN)978-91-7485-274-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-09-02, Beta, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
LIMCULDIMuL
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2016-06-09 Created: 2016-06-08 Last updated: 2016-08-10Bibliographically approved

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