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Biological Resources for Energy
ISMAI - Instituto Superior da Maia, Portugal.
2013 (English)In: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Elsevier Inc. , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
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Text
Abstract [en]

The chemical energy stored in biological resources can be converted into useful energy services such as heat, power, and transportation fuels. This article presents definitions such as energy crop, by-product and waste, and classifies biological materials according to their composition in four groups: lignocellulosic biomass, sugar and starches, oil biomass, and high-moisture biomass. Common primary and secondary conversion technologies for those groups are also briefly discussed. Biomass is seen as the renewable energy source with largest potential, but environmental and socio-economical impacts of bioenergy systems should be accurately evaluated in order to guarantee sustainable systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Inc. , 2013.
Keyword [en]
Algae, Bioenergy, Biological resources, Biomass, Energy crops, Lignocellulosic biomass, Primary conversion, Secondary conversion, Sugar and starch, Sustainability, Vegetable oil, Wet biomass
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-31634DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.05881-4Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84944111820ISBN: 9780124095489 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-31634DiVA: diva2:930420
Available from: 2016-05-24 Created: 2016-05-24 Last updated: 2016-05-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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