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Patienters upplevelser av isoleringsvård
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Isoleringsvård används för att hindra smittspridning och för att skydda immunsupprimerade patienter mot smittoämnen. I tidigare forskning framgår att sjukvårdspersonal upplever att patienter i isoleringsvård erhåller sämre vårdkvalitet än patienter som inte vårdas i isolering. Sjukvårdspersonalen undviker att gå in till patienterna på grund av att skyddsrutinerna anses vara tidskrävande men även för att de är rädda att själva bli smittade. De har även uppmärksammat att isoleringsvård kan leda till att patienterna känner sig oroliga och deprimerade. Syfte: Syftet med detta examensarbete var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av isoleringsvård. Metod: En litteraturstudie av tio kvalitetsgranskade artiklar. Analysen är utförd enligt deskriptiv syntes. Resultat: Patienterna upplevde att informationen kring isoleringen varierade och att isoleringen kunde upplevas som både positiv och negativ. Sjukvårdspersonalens användning av isoleringsrutiner och skyddskläder upplevas negativt av patienterna. Patienterna upplevde att social interaktion med anhöriga och sjukvårdspersonal ledde till välmående. Slutsats: Det framkom att patienterna upplevde isoleringsvård som övervägande negativ. Möjlighet till information och ökad social samvaro medförde att isoleringsvården upplevdes mindre negativ. Sjukvårdspersonal kan förbättra patienternas upplevelse genom fler besök, god kommunikation och information samt att vårdandet utförs med respekt för patienternas integritet och värdighet.

Abstract [en]

Background: Isolation care is used to prevent infection and to protect immunosuppressed patients against infectious agents. In previous research it appears that medical staff feels that patients in isolation care receive poorer quality care than patients who are not cared for in isolation. Medical staff avoids visiting patients because they consider the security procedures as time-consuming and also because their fear of becoming infected. They have also drawn attention to the fact that isolation care can lead to patients feeling of anxiety and depression. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patients' experiences of isolation care. Method: A literature study of ten peer-reviewed articles. The analysis is performed according to descriptive synthesis. Result: Patients experienced that information about the isolation was variable and that the isolation could be perceived either as positive or negative. The staff's use of isolation procedures and protective clothing was experienced negative. Patients had a need for social interaction with family members and healthcare professionals. Conclusion: It was revealed that the isolation care is perceived as mostly negative by the patients. They expressed a need for information and social interaction. The suffering can be reduced by more visits, good information and that caring is carried out with respect for patients' integrity and dignity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Experiences, isolation care, literature study, patient, qualitative
Keyword [sv]
Isoleringsvård, kvalitativ, litteraturstudie, patient, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-31491OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-31491DiVA: diva2:925492
Subject / course
Caring Science
Presentation
2016-03-23, Mälardalens högskola, Eskilstuna, 12:25 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-08 Created: 2016-05-02 Last updated: 2016-06-08Bibliographically approved

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Ebba Larsson Gabriella Sandberg(299 kB)383 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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