mdh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Associations among pain, disability and psychosocial factors and the predictive value of expectations on returning to work in patients who undergo lumbar disc surgery.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Centrum för klinisk forskning LTV.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7157-7259
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4537-030X
Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: European spine journal, ISSN 0940-6719, E-ISSN 1432-0932, Vol. 25, no 1, 296-203 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to describe the associations among pain, disability and psychosocial factors preoperatively as well as 3 and 24 months later for patients who undergo first time discectomy and to analyse the predictive value of psychosocial factors on the outcome 24 months after surgery.

METHODS:

Fifty-nine patients, 41 % women, with a mean age of 40 years and without comorbidities were included, of whom 56 responded to the 24-month follow-up; at that point, they were divided into patients with complaints (C, n = 36) and patients without complaints (NC, n = 20). Correlations among the pain intensity, disability and psychosocial factors were analysed preoperatively, 3 and 24 months after discectomy, and regression analyses of psychosocial factors on the outcome at 24 months were performed.

RESULTS:

Psychosocial variables were weakly correlated with the pain intensity and disability preoperatively. High expectations on the return to work were predictive of both pain intensity (β = 8.0, p = 0.03) and disability (β = 9.1, p < 0.001) at 24 months. Associations between psychosocial variables and outcome variables were strengthened at the 3-month follow-up in the C group, and this association remained 24 months after surgery. Fear of movement was most strongly correlated with leg pain intensity (r s 0.64, p < 0.001) and the ability to decrease pain was the most correlated with disability (r s 0.78, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Having high expectations on the return to work after surgery was the strongest predictor for a favourable outcome. Therefore, low preoperative expectations on return to work convey an important prognostic signal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 25, no 1, 296-203 p.
Keyword [en]
Lumbar discectomy Psychosocial factors Patients´expectatons Coping strategies Pain Disability
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-30673DOI: 10.1007/s00586-015-3820-6ISI: 000368608900037Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84923587400OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-30673DiVA: diva2:890467
Available from: 2016-01-04 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2016-02-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Johansson, Ann-ChristinSöderlund, Anne
By organisation
Health and Welfare
In the same journal
European spine journal
Clinical Medicine

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 40 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf