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A Below-Average Effect with Respect to American Political Stereotypes on Warmth and Competence
Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics. Stockholm University, Sweden. (Mathematics and Applied Mathematics)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7164-0924
Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics. Stockholm University, Sweden; Harvard University, United States .
2015 (English)In: Political Psychology, ISSN 0162-895X, E-ISSN 1467-9221, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 341-350Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The "above-average effect" is the phenomenon that people tend to judge themselves above average on desirable traits. Based on social identity theory, we propose that a "below-average effect" may arise when individuals rate themselves and the average ingroup member on traits stereotypically associated with the ingroup. In two studies, Republican and Democrat participants rated themselves and the average political ingroup member on possession of desirable traits related to warmth and competence. Current political stereotypes in America associate the former dimension with Democrats and the latter with Republicans. Consistent with our hypothesis, the above-average effect was moderated by political group and dimension in interaction. In particular, Democrats rated themselves below the average Democrat on warmth and Republicans rated themselves below the average Republican on competence. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 36, no 3, p. 341-350
Keyword [en]
Above-average effect, Below-average effect, Ingroup bias, Political stereotypes, Self-enhancement
National Category
Political Science Social Anthropology
Research subject
Mathematics/Applied Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-28874DOI: 10.1111/pops.12093ISI: 000355235100006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84929706310OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-28874DiVA, id: diva2:852111
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2009-2390
Available from: 2015-09-08 Created: 2015-09-08 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, Kimmo

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf