mdh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Business advisory services and risk among start-ups and young companies: A gender perspective
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8430-5714
Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 168-190Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – This study aims to investigate the demand for business advisory services by owners of start-ups and young companies by taking a gender perspective. The study also examines whether risk-taking is more characteristic of masculine than feminine behaviour in this context. Design/methodology/approach – Aliterature review examines business advisory services and risk aversion from a gender perspective. The empirical data are derived from interviews with owners of more than 2,700 start-ups and young companies in Sweden.Anumber of key variables compare how the company owners (women and men) view business advisory services as a way to overcome risk and to gain access to information in networks. Several statistical tests are used to analyse these data. Findings – Women owners of start-ups and young companies use more and different business advisory services than men owners. There are differences among the men owners and women owners with regard to the amount of start-up capital, company size and industry sector. Given the risks associated with start-up, business advisory services are important to women in helping them reduce their risk in the start-up and early stages of their companies. Research limitations/implications – Companies in Sweden’s largest city, Stockholm, were not included in the sample. Financial data were not used as variables. Practical implications – Policymakers should address women owners’ greater demand for business advisory services in their companies’ early stages. Originality/value – This study’s originality is its gender perspective on the demand for business advisory services by start-ups and young companies and its challenge to previous findings about entrepreneurial behaviour and risk-taking. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 7, no 2, p. 168-190
Keywords [en]
Business advisory services, Gender, Network, Risk, Start-up, Young companies
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-28214DOI: 10.1108/IJGE-05-2013-0046ISI: 000214085200003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84930157695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-28214DiVA, id: diva2:819770
Available from: 2015-06-11 Created: 2015-06-11 Last updated: 2018-01-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Heterogeneity in the level and handling of the Liability of Newness: Female and immigrant entrepreneurs’ need for and use of business advisory service
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heterogeneity in the level and handling of the Liability of Newness: Female and immigrant entrepreneurs’ need for and use of business advisory service
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the start-up entrepreneurs face the Liability of Newness when problems and challenges often threaten business survival. Business advisory service, provided by public and private supplier contacts, can offer important knowledge and information, accompanied by various forms of assistance, and thereby decrease the entrepreneurs’ risk of failure and reduce their Liability of Newness. However, it is difficult to match the entrepreneurs’ need for such advice with the available advice. The support must meet the need. Most nations in the European Union have programs and projects that provide such support for entrepreneurs and SMEs. Special programs often support female entrepreneurs and/or immigrant entrepreneurs.

This thesis examines the level and handling of the Liability of Newness with special focus on female entrepreneurs and immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden. The four papers of this thesis take the perspective of these entrepreneurs. The research is based on a sample of 2 832 entrepreneurs who were interviewed (in a telephone survey) on their impressions and recollections on their need for and use of business advisory service in the start-up processes of their companies. Fulfilment of need is achieved when the need for business advisory service is matched with the right use of business advisory service.

Heterogeneities as far as the level and handling of the Liability of Newness exist related to female entrepreneurs (vs. male entrepreneurs) and immigrant entrepreneurs (vs. non-immigrant entrepreneurs). Female entrepreneurs have a higher need for business advisory service than male entrepreneurs and also use more business advisory service than male entrepreneurs. As a result, female entrepreneurs can decrease the hazard rate for their companies and also reduce the Liability of Newness as their companies move toward the standard risk in their industry. Immigrant entrepreneurs also have a higher need for business advisory service than non-immigrant entrepreneurs. However, because immigrant entrepreneurs use business advisory service to the same extent that non-immigrant entrepreneurs do, immigrant entrepreneurs are unable to decrease the hazard rate for their companies or to reduce the Liability of Newness.The thesis makes both theoretical, methodological and practical contributions.

The thesis may be of interest to government policy makers with its attention to the need and use of business advisory service by female entrepreneurs and immigrant entrepreneurs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalens högskola, 2017. p. 70
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 230
Keywords
Entrepreneurship, Business advisory service, female and male entrepreneurs, immigrant entrepreneurs
National Category
Social Sciences Economics and Business
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-35288 (URN)978-91-7485-331-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-19, Paros, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-05 Created: 2017-05-05 Last updated: 2017-07-10Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(811 kB)108 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 811 kBChecksum SHA-512
9bad8aa224cd1886e2ef5ccceefa72e5511d078873cd349e15cefdf614e36379c63b6dedb5dab6fa74ba4380ad3b1a07081eb0306ea16ae20fd9e8e57d19b924
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records BETA

Kremel, Anna

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Kremel, Anna
By organisation
Industrial Economics and Organisation
In the same journal
International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship
Economics and Business

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 108 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 98 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf