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Lyhördhet i vårdrelationen: - Upplevelser hos patienter med cancer
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Lyhördhet är ett tämligen begränsat område gällande forskning i vårdvetenskapen och forskning har indikerat på ett behov av att utforska patienters upplevelser kring lyhördhet i vårdrelationen. Patienter med cancer uttrycker sällan sin oro och ängslan med ord utan uttrycker istället antydningar, vilket sällan uppmärksammas av vårdpersonalen, något som indikerar på ett behov av lyhördhet i vårdrelationen. Att inte veta hur lyhördhet upplevs av patienter kan skapa en problematik i vårdrelationen och är därav ett viktigt område att belysa. Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva hur patienter med cancer upplever lyhördhet i vårdrelationen. Metod: Fem självbiografier analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: I resultatet urskildes två teman; lyhördhet och bristande lyhördhet. Lyhördhet framkom i kategorier av bekräftelse, trygghet och förståelse medan bristande lyhördhet framkom i kategorier av otrygghet, kränkning samt ovisshet. Situationer där lyhördhet återfanns skapade positiva upplevelser hos patienterna och när bristande lyhördhet återfanns skapades negativa upplevelser hos patienterna. Slutsats: Lyhördhet återspeglas i samtal, kroppsspråk och hur dialogen genomförs i vårdrelationen. Bristande lyhördhet uppstår då vårdpersonal inte är medvetna i sitt beteende, kroppsspråk eller i dialoger som genomförs i vårdrelationen. 

Abstract [en]

Background & Problem: Responsiveness is a relatively limited area of ​​nursing science and research has indicated a need to explore patients' experiences regarding responsivness in the caring relationship. Cancer patients rarely express their concerns and anxieties with words but uses instead insinuations, which is rarely noticed by the staff, which indicates a need for responsiveness in the caring relationship. Not knowing how patients experience responsiveness can create problems in the caring relationship and hence is an important area to illuminate. Purpose: The purpose is to describe how cancer patients experience responsiveness in the caring relationship. Method: Five autobiographies were analysed using a qualitative content analysis. Results: The results distinguished two themes; Responsiveness and lack of responsiveness. Responsiveness emerged from the experiences of confirmation, security and understanding, while lack of responsiveness emerged from the lack of security, violation and uncertainty. In situations where responsiveness occurred, patients experienced positive experiences. In situations where lack of responsiveness occurred, patients experienced negative experiences. Conclusion: Responsiveness occurs in conversations, through body language and how the dialogue proceeds in the caring relationship. Lack of responsiveness occurs when staff are not aware of their behaviour, body language or dialogues conducted in the caring relationship. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Cancer, Caring relationship, Experiences, Patients, Responsiveness
Keyword [sv]
Cancer, Lyhördhet, Patienter, Upplevelser, Vårdrelation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27834OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-27834DiVA: diva2:805824
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-07-07 Created: 2015-04-16 Last updated: 2015-07-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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Output format
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