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Linkages between coping and psychological outcome in the spinal cord lesioned: Development of SCL-related measures.
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2002 (English)In: Spinal Cord, ISSN 1362-4393, E-ISSN 1476-5624, Vol. 40, no 1, 23-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate relationships between coping and mental well-being with clinical relevance to spinal cord lesion (SCL).

SETTING: The Gothenburg Spinal Injuries Unit in Sweden.

METHODS: The study sample comprised 274 persons. From in-depth interviews, literature reviews, and the transactional theory of stress and coping, items reflecting coping and psychological outcome, respectively were generated. Principal components factor analysis, multi-trait analysis, and structural equation modelling were used.

RESULTS: The coping scale comprised three factors: Acceptance (i.e. revaluation of life values); Fighting spirit (i.e. efforts to behave independently); Social reliance (i.e. a tendency towards dependent behaviour). The outcome scale included the factors: Helplessness (i.e. feeling perplexed, out of control and low self-esteem); Intrusion (i.e. bitterness and brooding); Personal growth (i.e. positive outcomes of life crisis). Acceptance showed a positive relation to Personal growth and was inversely related to both Helplessness and Intrusion. Fighting spirit had a weak negative association to Helplessness and a weak positive association to Personal growth. Social reliance was positively related to Helplessness and Intrusion. Only Social reliance showed any association to neurological status. Those lesioned 1-4 years reported more Helplessness, Intrusion, Social reliance, and less Acceptance than those lesioned >or=5 years.

CONCLUSION: Coping is related to psychological outcome in SCL. Our situational coping measure may be a candidate to assess intervention effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 40, no 1, 23-9 p.
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27803DOI: 10.1038/sj.sc.3101238PubMedID: 11821966OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-27803DiVA: diva2:800880
Available from: 2015-04-08 Created: 2015-04-08 Last updated: 2015-04-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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