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Father role: A comparison between teenage and adult first-time fathers in Thailand
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5399-9545
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6223-1109
Boromarajonani College of Nursing Udon Thani Thailand .
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2722-5544
2015 (English)In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 17, no 3, 377-386 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we compared perceived father roles among teenage and adult first-time fathers in Thailand. The design was cross-sectional and comparative, and the sample involved 70 teenage and 70 adult fathers, whose children were 2-6 months old. The fathers were recruited from 32 primary healthcare centers in the western region of Thailand. Three validated, self-reported questionnaires with multiple-choice questions were used for data collection. Differences between the two groups were analyzed using χ2-test and the Mann-Whitney U-test. The results revealed differences between teenage and adult fathers concerning income, educational level, and intention to have a baby. The teenage father group had a lower sense of competence, and scored lower on childrearing behavior and father-child relationship than the adult father group. These findings provide healthcare professionals with increased knowledge and understanding of teenage fathers' needs in preparing for parenthood. Given that we now know the importance of positive father roles in children's lives, health authorities should be expected to provide resources to help support these fathers. © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 17, no 3, 377-386 p.
Keyword [en]
Child, Childrearing, Competence, Father, Relationship, Teenage pregnancy
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27744DOI: 10.1111/nhs.12200ISI: 000363323900015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84938206887OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-27744DiVA: diva2:798462
Note

Correspondence Address: Sriyasak, A.

Available from: 2015-03-26 Created: 2015-03-26 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Becoming a Thai teenage parent
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Becoming a Thai teenage parent
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this dissertation is to contribute to the understanding of Thai teenage parents’ experiences of becoming a parent as well as to examine healthcare providers’ reflections on their experiences of caring for teenage parents.

The findings are based on three studies using mixed methods and resulting in four papers. The empirical data were collected in western Thailand between 2013 and 2015, in a province with a high incidence of teenage pregnancy. Paper I: Empirical data were based on three self-reported validated questionnaires. The sample consisted of 70 teenage and 70 adult fathers. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U-test, and Chi-square test were used for the analysis. Papers II and III: A heterogeneous group of 25 teenage couples (n=50) were interviewed before and after the birth of their first child, using grounded theory methodology. Paper IV: Four focus-group discussions were conducted with 21 healthcare providers; latent content analysis was used for analysis.

Teenage fathers scored lower than adult fathers on scales measuring the father’s sense of competence, the father’s childrearing behavior, and the father-child relationship (paper I). The teenage mothers reported how they struggled with physical and social changes, for example bodily changes, breastfeeding and having to leave school, while the teenage fathers gave examples of coping with their future responsibility by working hard to save money for future family needs (paper III). The teenagers’ own parents were an important source of support all the way from pregnancy to childrearing, and their provision of childcare, advice, and instructions helped the teenage parents to cope with their duties. Most of the teenage parents reproduced traditional gender roles by being a caring mother or a breadwinning father (papers II–III). The healthcare providers were concerned about the young parents, viewed themselves as providing comprehensive care, and suggested access to reproductive health care and improved sex education as ways to improve quality (paper IV).

The young couples’ stories describe how they struggled and coped with life changes when becoming unintentionally pregnant, accepting their parenthood, and finally becoming parents. A supportive family played a vital role in the transition to parenthood.

Health promotion efforts for this particular group should be undertaken continuously to improve the quality of care for teenage parents and to promote the infants’ well-being and future development.

Keywords: childrearing, fatherhood, focus-group discussions, grounded theory, healthcare providers, teenage fathers, teenage parents, Thai teenagers

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2016. 92 p.
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 209
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Care Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-33180 (URN)978-91-7485-283-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-10-28, Beta, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-09-15 Created: 2016-09-15 Last updated: 2016-10-07Bibliographically approved

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Authority records BETA

Almqvist, Anna LenaHäggström-Nordin, Elisabeth

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