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Buildings as components of smart grids - Perspectives of different stakeholders
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5409-8950
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4589-7045
2014 (English)In: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 61, 1630-1633 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper provides the perceptions of the energy and buildings sectors, municipalities and researchers in Sweden about active buildings that provide smart grid services to their inhabitants. As part of this study, we conducted 23 semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders to present the perspectives of stakeholders that are involved in the development process. Our study shows that there are several barriers to development of active buildings and points out the importance of energy policy mechanisms to support the development. It is necessary to introduce new measures in order to financially encourage the stakeholders and motivate the end-users to invest in smart grid technologies. The elimination of the intersectoral barriers and the promotion of cooperation amongst stakeholders could pave the way for a more efficient and smarter grid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 61, 1630-1633 p.
Keyword [en]
Active building, Buildings, Intersectoral, Smart grid
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27566DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2014.12.312ISI: 000375936100364Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84922341579OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-27566DiVA: diva2:789651
Conference
6th International Conference on Applied Energy, ICAE 2014, 30 May 2014 through 2 June 2014
Available from: 2015-02-19 Created: 2015-02-19 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Building as active elements of energy systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Building as active elements of energy systems
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Buildings account for approximately 40% of the energy demand and 33% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union. Accordingly, there are several efforts that target energy efficiency in buildings both at the European and Swedish levels. The role of buildings in climate change mitigation, however, is not limited to energy savings. Buildings are expected to become key elements of the future smart energy systems by supplying and using energy in a more flexible way. Reducing the energy demand in buildings effectively and shifting the role of buildings in energy systems from ‘passive’ consumers to ‘active’ prosumers, however, require close interaction and cooperation between the energy and buildings sectors.

Based on the data collected from interviews and a web survey, this doctoral thesis investigates the relationship between the energy and buildings sectors in Sweden at the inter-company level, presents key stakeholder views on smart energy features in buildings and investigates the opportunities and barriers for their adoption in Sweden and Hong Kong.

The results of this thesis suggest a potential for improving the cooperation between the Swedish energy and buildings sectors, which was identified to be influenced by the following factors: district heating monopolies; energy efficiency efforts in the buildings sector; unsuccessful technology-neutrality of the building regulations; self-generation systems in buildings; and energy use patterns. Shifting the focus from self-gains to mutual gains appears crucial to strengthen the inter-sectoral cooperation, as there are several opportunities for achieving mutually beneficial solutions for the two sectors. This would, however, require significant changes in current practices and business models as well as the introduction of new technologies, which would allow for a more flexible energy supply and use. Accordingly, technologies that target flexible energy use in buildings are considered the most important smart energy features in buildings. The current high costs of technologies, such as home automation and smart electrical appliances, however, create the strongest barrier to adoption. Therefore, the introduction of new business and ownership models and the elimination of the institutional and regulatory barriers are crucial to achieve a wide-scale development of smart energy features in buildings. The results from Hong Kong suggest that institutional and regulatory barriers can particularly create strong hinders to the adoption of technologies.

It is possible to achieve more sustainable energy systems, where buildings are active elements of networks that supply and use energy in a more flexible and ‘smarter’ way. Cooperation between the energy and buildings sectors can play a key role in the adoption of smart energy features in buildings and pave the way for the smart built environment of the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2016
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 212
Keyword
smart grid; smart home; cooperation; energy; buildings
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-33317 (URN)978-91-7485-286-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-11-11, Alfa, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 244-2011-231
Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2016-11-08Bibliographically approved

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Bulut, Mehmet BörühanWallin, Fredrik

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