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Enabling participation of younger children (3-5 years) in care situations using interactive technology
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5254-6983
2014 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Enabling participation of younger children (3-5 years) in care situations using interactive technology

Anna Stålberg[1], PhD-student, Mälardalen´s University, Sweden

Anette Sandberg[2], Professor, Mälardalen´s University, Sweden

Thomas Larsson[3], Senoir lecturer, Mälardalen´s University, Sweden

Maja Söderbäck1, Associate professor, Mälardalen´s University, Sweden

 

Aim: To explore and describe younger children´s (3-5 years) varied perceptions of care situations and to use this knowledge when developing an interactive communication tool, for tablet use, meant for enabling active participation of the children during medical encounters.

Method: Phenomenographic inspired interviews, combined with vignettes and observations, were conducted searching the children´s varied perceptions of care situations, including medical examinations of the body and needle procedures. These perceptions, combined with earlier knowledge in the field, will initiate the development, through an iterative process, of a communication tool when letting children try a prototype of the tool and give their opinions on content and design on the gradually transformed software.

Result: Based on the interviews, four areas of perceptions could be described: myself, parents, professionals and the specific situation. All persons involved were perceived as actors. The children perceived themselves as either main actors or co-actors. Parents were understood as actors when being present and close. Professionals, as actors, were perceived as handling situations directed to the body of the children. The perceptions of the specific situation included being in a different environment and that there was focus on the body, i.e. ways of being ill and getting better. Receiving a gift was perceived as either a reward or as a sign that ended the situation. There is still no result of the iterative work, i.e. development of the tool. This study is in progress, and the result is assumed to lead the development to an age appropriate and child friendly final version of the communication tool.

Conclusions: Children have a right to participate in situations concerning them. To understand the children´s perspective you need to explore their views. During the interviews the children described their perceptions on care situations. This knowledge will later support the development of the communication tool. Forthcoming studies will explore in what way this tool, from both a child and parental perspective, enhances participation of the children.

[1] School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen´s University, Sweden

[2] School of Education, Culture and Communication, Mälardalen´s University, Sweden

[3] School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen´s University, Sweden

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27298OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-27298DiVA: diva2:778855
Conference
Nordic Conference on Advances in Health Care Science Research University of Turku, Finland
Available from: 2015-01-12 Created: 2015-01-12 Last updated: 2015-01-14Bibliographically approved

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