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Lagring av biobränsle och avfall: Statistik ocherfarenheter från incidenter och bränder –Summerande rapport
SP Fire Research.
SP Fire Research.
SP Fire Research.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center. SP Fire Research. (MERO)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6758-6067
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This report summarizes a study on fire safety during industrial handling and storage of solid biofuels, biomass and various waste fractions. The intention has been to collect knowledge and experience which could be of important use for the industry but also provide a platform for future recommendations and to define the need for future research projects. The study has involved an analysis of fire statistics based on the fire incident database managed by MSB (Swedish Civil Contingency Agency) for the period 2005-2013. A questionnaire was also distributed to relevant industries to collect information on what kind and quantities of materials they handle, how these materials are stored, etc. Some questions also related to their own experience of fire incidents, such as number of fires per year, estimated costs, amount of burnt and damaged material. A separate questionnaire was also distributed to the Swedish provincial offices (länsstyrelser) who are issuing the permissions for these kind of storage facilities. The questions were here related to fire safety requirements that are stipulated in the permission process. Both the industry and the provincial offices were also asked for their opinion about the need for future research. The report also summarizes some related research reports and some examples and experience from typical fire incidents.The study shows that there are about 200 fires annually in this types of handling and storage facilities in Sweden and the trend is slightly decreasing. A majority of the fires occurs in outdoor pile/stack storage. Based on figures from 2011 and 2012, the total amount of material which is burnt and/or damaged per year is estimated to about 6500-7500 ton/year and the yearly cost to about 150-350 million SEK. However, in case of one or a couple of large scale fires during a specific year, these figures might increase significantly.This study could form the basis for the development of a handbook to be used by the industry and authorities to improve the fire safety in a cost effective way at the storage sites.This report is a summary of the full project report (SP Report 2014:55) which includes significant more detailed data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut , 2014.
Series
SP Rapport, 2014:67
Keyword [en]
Solid biofuels, biomass, waste, statistics, fire, storage
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27242OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-27242DiVA: diva2:775108
Available from: 2014-12-30 Created: 2014-12-30 Last updated: 2015-01-07Bibliographically approved

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http://www-v2.sp.se/publ/user/default.aspx?RapportId=17747#17747

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