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Lagring av biobränsle och avfall: Statistik och erfarenheter från incidenter och bränder
SP Fire Research.
SP Fire Research.
SP Fire Research.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center. SP Fire Research. (MERO)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6758-6067
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This report summarizes a study on fire safety during industrial handling and storage ofsolid biofuels, biomass and various waste fractions. The intention has been to collectknowledge and experience which could be of important use for the industry but alsoprovide a platform for future recommendations and to define the need for future researchprojects. The study has involved an analysis of fire statistics based on the fire incidentdatabase managed by MSB (Swedish Civil Contingency Agency) for the period 2005-2013. A questionnaire was also distributed to relevant industries to collect information onwhat kind and quantities of materials they handle, how these materials are stored, etc.Some questions also related to their own experience of fire incidents, such as number offires per year, estimated costs, amount of burnt and damaged material. A separatequestionnaire was also distributed to the Swedish provincial offices (länsstyrelser) whoare issuing the permissions for these kind of storage facilities. The questions were hererelated to fire safety requirements that are stipulated in the permission process. Both theindustry and the provincial offices were also asked for their opinion about the need forfuture research. The report also summarizes some related research reports and someexamples and experience from typical fire incidents.The study shows that there are about 200 fires annually in this types of handling andstorage facilities in Sweden and the trend is slightly decreasing. A majority of the firesoccurs in outdoor pile/stack storage. Based on figures from 2011 and 2012, the totalamount of material which is burnt and/or damaged per year is estimated to about 6500-7500 ton/year and the yearly cost to about 150-350 million SEK. However, in case of oneor a couple of large scale fires during a specific year, these figures might increasesignificantly.This study could form the basis for the development of a handbook to be used by theindustry and authorities to improve the fire safety in a cost effective way at the storagesites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut , 2014.
Series
SP Rapport, 2014:55
Keyword [en]
Solid biofuels, biomass, waste, statistics, fire, storage
National Category
Engineering and Technology Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-27241OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-27241DiVA: diva2:775105
Projects
BRANDFORSK projekt: 701-121
Available from: 2014-12-30 Created: 2014-12-30 Last updated: 2015-02-04Bibliographically approved

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http://www-v2.sp.se/publ/user/default.aspx?RapportId=16686

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Language
  • de-DE
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Output format
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