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Thermo-Fluid Modelling for Gas Turbines-Part II: Impact on Performance Calculations and Emissions Predictions at Aircraft System Level
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center. Cranfield University. (Future Energy Center)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8466-356X
Cranfield University.
Cranfield University.
Cranfield University.
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2009 (English)In: ASME TURBO EXPO 2009 Proceedings, GT-2009-60101, 2009, p. 483-494Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this two-part publication, various aspects of thermo-fluidmodelling for gas turbines are described and their impact onperformance calculations and emissions predictions at aircraftsystem level is assessed. Accurate and reliable fluid modellingis essential for any gas turbine performance simulation softwareas it provides a robust foundation for building advanced multidisciplinarymodelling capabilities. Caloric properties forgeneric and semi-generic gas turbine performance simulationcodes can be calculated at various levels of fidelity; selection ofthe fidelity level is dependent upon the objectives of thesimulation and execution time constraints. However, rigorousfluid modelling may not necessarily improve performancesimulation accuracy unless all modelling assumptions andsources of uncertainty are aligned to the same level. Certainmodelling aspects such as the introduction of chemical kinetics,and dissociation effects, may reduce computational speed andthis is of significant importance for radical space explorationand novel propulsion cycle assessment.

This paper describes and compares fluid models, based ondifferent levels of fidelity, which have been developed for anindustry standard gas turbine performance simulation code and an environmental assessment tool for novel propulsion cycles.The latter comprises the following modules: engineperformance, aircraft performance, emissions prediction, andenvironmental impact. The work presented aims to fill thecurrent literature gap by: (i) investigating the commonassumptions made in thermo-fluid modelling for gas turbinesand their effect on caloric properties and (ii) assessing theimpact of uncertainties on performance calculations andemissions predictions at aircraft system level.

In Part II of this two-part publication, the uncertaintyinduced in performance calculations by common technicalmodels, used for calculating caloric properties, is discussed atengine level. The errors induced by ignoring dissociation areexamined at 3 different levels: i) component level, ii) enginelevel, and iii) aircraft system level. Essentially, an attempt ismade to shed light on the trade-off between improving theaccuracy of a fluid model and the accuracy of a multidisciplinarysimulation at aircraft system level, againstcomputational time penalties. The results obtained demonstratethat accurate modelling of the working fluid is not alwaysessential; the accuracy/uncertainty for an overall engine modelwill always be better than the mean accuracy/uncertainty of the individual component estimates as long as systematic errors arecarefully examined and reduced to acceptable levels to ensureerror propagation does not cause significant discrepancies.Computational time penalties induced by improving theaccuracy of the fluid model as well as the validity of the idealgas assumption for future turbofan engines and novelpropulsion cycles are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. p. 483-494
Keywords [en]
Gas Turbine, Performance, Thermo-fluid, Modelling, Multi-disciplinary, Uncertainty, NOx
National Category
Energy Systems Aerospace Engineering Energy Engineering Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-25055DOI: 10.1115/GT2009-60101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-25055DiVA, id: diva2:774548
Conference
ASME TURBO EXPO 2009
Note

Cycle Innovations Committee Best Paper Award

Available from: 2014-12-24 Created: 2014-05-28 Last updated: 2015-02-12Bibliographically approved

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Kyprianidis, Konstantinos G.

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