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Increased sedentary behaviour is associated with unhealthy dietary patterns in European adolescents participating in the HELENA study
GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
Department of Public Health, Ghent University.
Université Lille, France.
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2014 (English)In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0954-3007, E-ISSN 1476-5640, Vol. 68, no 3, 300-308 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To assess dietary patterns (DPs) in European adolescents and to examine their relationship with

several indicators of sedentary behaviour.

SUBJECTS/METHODS: A multinational cross-sectional study was carried out in 2202 adolescents (45.4% boys) aged 12.5–17.5 years. A self-reported questionnaire with information on sedentary behaviours, separately for weekdays and weekend days, and two non-consecutive 24 h-recalls were used. Principal component analysis was used to obtain DPs, and linear regression examined the association between DPs scores and sedentary behaviour.

RESULTS: Four DPs for boys (‘plant based’, ‘snacking’, ‘breakfast’ and ‘health conscious’) and five DPs for girls (‘confectionary and snacking’, ‘plant based’, ‘breakfast’, ‘animal protein’ and ‘health conscious’) were obtained. Boys who spent 44 h/day watching television (TV) had lower adherence to the ‘plant based’, ‘breakfast’ and ‘health conscious’ DPs, and higher adherence to the ‘snacking’ DP. Higher computer use and internet use for recreational reason were associated with higher adherence to the ‘snacking’ DP. In girls, TV viewing and using internet for recreational reasons for 44 h/day was associated with higher adherence to the ‘confectionary and snacking’ and lower adherence with ‘health conscious’ DP. Also, studying between 2 and 4 h during weekend days was associated with lower adherence to the ‘snacking’ and with higher adherence to the ‘plant based’ and ‘breakfast’ DPs.

CONCLUSION: Adolescents’ DPs are related with the time spent in several sedentary behaviours. Such findings may help to generate interventions focusing on decreasing unhealthy dietary habits and specific sedentary behaviours.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 68, no 3, 300-308 p.
Keyword [en]
sedentary behaviours; dietary patterns; television; adolescents
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-26719DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2013.170ISI: 000332634300004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84895796856OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-26719DiVA: diva2:767011
Available from: 2014-11-28 Created: 2014-11-28 Last updated: 2014-12-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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