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European adolescent ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) consumers have a healthier intake and body composition compared with non-RTEC consumers
Ghent University, Belgium.
Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
Institut für Ernährungs- und Lebensmittelwissenschaften-Humanernährung, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms Universität, Bonn, Germany.
Agricultural Research Council, Food and Nutrition Research Centre (CRA-NUT), Rome, Italy .
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2014 (English)In: European Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 1436-6207, E-ISSN 1436-6215, Vol. 54, no 4, 805Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose 

This study aims to analyse the association of European adolescents' ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) consumption frequency with their dietary intake by applying the concept of diet quality index and nutritional status.

METHODS:

From the multi-centre European HELENA study, relevant data were available in 1,215 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years). RTEC consumption was identified from a food frequency questionnaire. A diet quality index, daily nutrient intakes and daily milk/yoghurt and fruit intake were calculated from two 24-h dietary recalls. BMI, waist and hip circumference and body fat were measured for body composition. Cross-sectional regression analyses were adjusted for sex, age, socio-economic status, city and breakfast skipping. Differences in sub-regions within Europe were explored.

RESULTS:

RTEC consumers showed a more favourable daily micronutrient intake (vitamin B2, B5, B7, D, calcium, phosphorus and potassium), a better diet quality index, more frequent fruit (57 vs. 51 %) and milk/yoghurt consumption (81.2 vs. 56 %) and less breakfast skipping (25.1 vs. 36.7 %). No differences in energy and macronutrient intake were observed. Daily RTEC consumers were 57 % less likely to be overweight than RTEC non-consumers but did not differ in glucose and lipid status (N = 387).

CONCLUSION:

This is the first comprehensive pan-European survey elucidating socio-demographic determinants of European adolescents' RTEC consumption and indicating better dietary habits in RTEC consumers. The improved dietary profile was reflected in a more beneficial body composition. Our results have also shown the advantage of using an all-integrating diet quality index by capturing the diet complexity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 54, no 4, 805
Keyword [en]
Adolescents • Ready-to-eat-cereals Diet quality index • Overweight • Glucose homoeostasis Blood lipids
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-26692DOI: 10.1007/s00394-014-0805-xISI: 000354716500016Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84929704087OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-26692DiVA: diva2:767000
Available from: 2014-11-28 Created: 2014-11-28 Last updated: 2016-03-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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