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Explaining Interaction Effects Within and Across Levels of Analysis
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4425-9367
Northeastern University, Boston, USA.
Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
2014 (English)In: Journal of International Business Studies, ISSN 0047-2506, E-ISSN 1478-6990, Vol. 45, no 9, 1063-1071 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many manuscripts submitted to the Journal of International Business Studies propose an interaction effect in their models in an effort to explain the complexity and contingency of relationships across borders. In this article, we provide guidance on how best to explain the interaction effects theoretically within and across levels of analysis. First, in the case of interactions within the same level of analysis, we suggest that authors provide an explanation of the mechanisms that link the main independent variable to the dependent variable, and then explain how the interaction variable modifies these mechanisms. Moreover, to ensure that the arguments are theoretically complete, we suggest that authors theoretically rule out the potential reverse interaction effect between the main variable and moderating variable. Second, in the case of interactions across levels of analysis, we suggest that authors identify the cross-level nature of the moderating relationships, specify the level of analysis of the main relationship and the nested nature of the cross-level influences, and theoretically explain these cross-level influences. Additionally, we suggest that authors pay particular attention to nesting in order to theoretically rule out reverse interactions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 45, no 9, 1063-1071 p.
Keyword [en]
interaction effects; moderation effects; cross-level interaction; international
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-26619DOI: 10.1057/jibs.2014.50Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84910098795OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-26619DiVA: diva2:766069
Available from: 2014-11-25 Created: 2014-11-25 Last updated: 2014-12-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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