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Investigation of the Potential of Gas Turbines for Vehicular Applications
Chalmers University of Technology.
Chalmers University of Technology. (Future Energy Center)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8466-356X
2012 (English)In: Proc. ASME. 44694; Volume 3: Cycle Innovations; Education; Electric Power; Fans and Blowers; Industrial and Cogeneration. GT2012-68402, 2012, p. 51-64Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Nowadays, the reduction of fuel consumption and pollutant emissions has become a top priority for society and economy. In the past decades, some of the environmental advantages of the gas turbine (such as inherently low CO and unburned HC) have led some car manufacturers to evaluate the potential of this type of engine as prime mover. This paper suggests a strategy to assess the fuel consumption of gas turbines applied in road vehicles. Based on a quasistatic approach, a model was created that can simulate road vehicles powered by gas turbines, and thereafter a comparison was established with reciprocating engines. Within this study, material and turbomachinery technology developments that have taken place in micro gas turbines since the 1960’s have been considered. A 30% efficiency improvement target has been identified with respect to making the gas turbine fuel competitive to a diesel engine powering an SUV. It is the authors’ view that several technologies that could mature sufficiently within the next 10–15 years exist, such as uncooled ceramic turbines. Such technologies could help bridge the fuel efficiency gap in micro gas turbines and make them commercially competitive in the future for low-emissions vehicular applications. Furthermore, the system developed also allows the simulation of hybrid configurations using gas turbines as range extenders, a solution that some car manufacturers consider to be the most promising in the coming years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. p. 51-64
Keyword [en]
Gas turbine, Vehicle Engine, Performance, Conceptual Design
National Category
Aerospace Engineering Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-25073DOI: 10.1115/GT2012-68402Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84881295788ISBN: 978-0-7918-4469-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-25073DiVA, id: diva2:750315
Conference
ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
Available from: 2014-09-28 Created: 2014-05-28 Last updated: 2016-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttp://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=1694313

Authority records BETA

Kyprianidis, Konstantinos G.

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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