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Hälsocenter, ett steg mot en Friskare befolkning: En kvalitativ studie om att jobba hälsofrämjande med kost- och motionsvanor som exempel
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

WHO rekommenderar hälso- och sjukvården att bli mer hälsofrämjande. Däremot visar forskning att hälso- och sjukvården inte lever upp till denna rekommendation. Landstinget Västmanland har dock gjort en satsning på det hälsofrämjande arbetet. Fyra hälsocenter har etablerats i länet till följd av detta. Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka hur personalen vid dessa hälsocenter upplevde sina förutsättningar att jobba hälsofrämjande med kost- och motionsvanor. Metoden som användes för att besvara syftet var kvalitativ. Datainsamlingen skedde genom att sex semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes. Fem hälsovägledare och en person med övergripande ansvar för hälsocenterverksamheten intervjuades. Datamaterialet analyserades med hjälp av en induktiv och manifest kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet visar att hälsocenters arbete följer de grundprinciper som tagits fram för hälsofrämjande arbete. Stöd i organisationen och den egna kompetensen var faktorer som underlättade arbetet, medan bristfälliga lokaler och samverkansproblem till exempel var faktorer som upplevdes hindra arbetet. Slutsatserna som presenterats utifrån uppsatsens resultat var att delar av hälsocenters arbete fungerade bra men att det fanns vissa förbättringsmöjligheter. Till följd av att hälsocenters arbete bedömdes ligga i linje med grundprinciperna för hälsofrämjande arbete drogs även slutsatsen att verksamheten kan vara ett gott exempel för andra vårdorganisationer som önskar arbeta hälsofrämjande. 

Abstract [en]

WHO recommend health services to become more health promoting. Yet, research indicates that health services don’t fulfill these recommendations. The county Landstinget Västmanland however, has made a commitment to work health promoting. Due to this commitment four Health facilities has been established in the county. The aim of this study was to investigate how the staff at these health facilities experienced their premises to work health promoting with diet- and physical activity habits. A qualitative method was used to answer this. Six semistructured interviews was performed to collect data. Five health counselors and one person with administrative responsibility for the health facilities was interviewed. An inductive and manifest qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the collected data. The result indicated that the health facilities was working health promoting according to the fundamental principles for health promotion. The result also showed that a supportive organization and the individual competence was two factors among others that made the work easier. Inadequate facilities and collaboration issues for example was on the other hand factors that the respondents felt complicated their work. The conclusions drawn from the result is that parts of the health facilities, health promotion work is working well, but that there is room for improvements. Also the conclusion that the health facilities can set an example for other health services that wishes to become more health promoting was drawn.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Health promotion, Health promoting health services, Intersectoral collaboration, Overweight, Qualitative interviews
Keyword [sv]
Hälsofrämjande arbete, Hälsofrämjande sjukvård, Kvalitativa intervjuer, Tvärsektoriell samverkan, Övervikt
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-25349OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-25349DiVA: diva2:727560
Subject / course
Science of Public Health
Available from: 2014-10-16 Created: 2014-06-22 Last updated: 2014-10-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Hälsocenter ett steg mot en friskare befolkning(467 kB)129 downloads
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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 467 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf