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Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med urininkontinens: En litteraturstudie
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Urininkontinens innebär ett ofrivilligt läckage från urinblåsan och betraktas som en naturlig del av åldrande, både ur sjuksköterske- och patientperspektiv. Prevalensen av urininkontinens är störst hos äldre kvinnor, men förekommer även hos yngre kvinnor. Sjuksköterskor anser att den egna kunskapen om urininkontinens behöver utökas. Syfte: Att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med urininkontinens. Metod: En litteraturstudie utfördes där tio vetenskapliga artiklar granskades enligt Evans (2002) analysmetod. Resultat: Kvinnorna upplevde sin urininkontinens som något tabubelagt och valde därför att inte prata om sitt tillstånd med någon. De oroade sig ständigt för att bli avslöjade. De upplevde en förlorad spontanitet och ett begränsat liv. Kvinnorna upplevde en vanmakt över att inte kunna hindra ett urinläckage. Slutsats: Urininkontinensen medförde en stor psykisk belastning och dessa kvinnor behövde därför stöd av sin omgivning. Ytterligare forskning behövs för att kunna utröna hur kvinnor med urininkontinens upplever sin relation till sjuksköterskan. Detta på grund av att sjuksköterskan har en viktig roll när det kommer till att bistå dessa kvinnor i deras situation.

Nyckelord: Acceptans, Begränsning, Tabu, Utanförskap, Vanmakt.

Abstract [en]

Background: Urinary incontinence is defined as involuntary leakage of urine and is considered to be a normal part of ageing, both from a nurse- and a patient perspective. Urinary incontinence is most frequent in older women, but also occurs in younger women. Registered nurses consider that their knowledge about urinary incontinence needs to be increased. Objective: To describe women’s experiences of living with urinary incontinence. Method: A literature study was conducted according to Evans (2002) analyzing method by analyzing ten scientific articles. Result: The women perceived their incontinence as taboo and therefore chose not to talk about their condition. They were constantly concerned about someone noticing their urinary incontinence. They experienced a loss of spontaneity and a limited life. The women experienced powerlessness when being unable to prevent urinary leakage. Conclusion: Urinary incontinence was associated with significant psychological stress and these women needed support from their surroundings. Further research is needed to determine how women with urinary incontinence perceive their relationship with the nurse. This because the nurse has an important role when it comes to supporting these women in their situation.

Keywords: Acceptance, Alienation, Limitation, Powerlessness, Taboo.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-24529OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-24529DiVA: diva2:698476
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-01 Created: 2014-02-22 Last updated: 2014-08-01Bibliographically approved

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Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med urininkontinens: En litteraturstudie(855 kB)652 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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