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A preliminary analysis of the effect of the new rural cooperative medical scheme on inpatient care at a county hospital
Zhejiang University.
Zhejiang University.
Zhejiang University.
Zhejiang University.
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2013 (English)In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 13, no 519, 1-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: China in 2009 committed to reach universal health coverage by promoting three forms of health insurance; NCMS for the rural population, UEBMI for formally employed urban residents and URBMI for other urban residents. NCMS has expanded to near universal coverage in rural China since launching in 2003. The objective of this study aimed to assess the effect of NCMS on inpatient care utilization from 2003 to 2012 at Longyou county hospital, Zhejiang province.Methods: The research was conducted at Longyou county, Zhejiang province. All registered inpatient admissions from January 1, 2003, to June 30, 2012, were included in the study. The PLSQL Developer software was used toselect the interesting variables in the hospital information database and saved in an Excel 2003 file. The interesting variables included the patients’ general information (name, gender, age, payment method), discharge diagnosis, length of hospital stay, and expenditure (total expenditure and out-of-pocket payment). Two common diseases (coronary arteriosclerotic disease and pneumonia) were selected as tracer conditions.Results: 292,400 rural residents were enrolled in the Longyou county NCMS by 2011, 95.4% of the eligible population. A total of 145,744 inpatient admissions were registered from 1 January 2003 to 30 June 2012. The proportion ofinpatients covered by NCMS increased from 30.3% in 2004 to 54.2% in 2012 while the proportion of inpatients covered by UEBMI increased from 7.7% in 2003 to 14.7% in 2012. The average expenditure for UEBMI insured inpatients washigher than the average for NCMS insured inpatients, although the gap was narrowing. The average length of hospitalstay increased every year for all inpatients, but was higher for UEBMI inpatients than for NCMS insured inpatients. For both tracer conditions the results were similar to the above findings.Conclusions: NCMS has improved coverage height for its enrollees and resulted in increased cost of care per inpatient admission at the county hospital. However, wide differences persist between the two insurance systems in coverage height. Both systems are associated with increasing lengths of stay and rising cost per inpatient admission. We found that around 30% of inpatients were not covered by any of the two public health insurance systems, which calls for further studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2013. Vol. 13, no 519, 1-8 p.
Keyword [en]
Health insurance, NCMS, inpatient, hospital, universal health coverage, China, equity, length of hospital stay, cost, access, utilization
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Care Sciences within Health and Welfare
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-24004DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-519ISI: 000329372700002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84890308840OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-24004DiVA: diva2:682174
Projects
Enlarging the risk pool of NCMS to improve sustainability of rural health insurance in Zhejiang province (09-989) China Medical Board
Available from: 2013-12-23 Created: 2013-12-23 Last updated: 2014-06-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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