mdh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rethinking dichotomization: A critical perspective on the use of “hard” and “soft” in project management research
KTH, Sweden.
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation. (IEO)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6980-3448
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, Vol. 32, no 4, 568-577 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper elaborates on the categorization – dichotomization – between “hard” and “soft” in project management research. This categorization is becoming more increasingly used in project management research for example by stating that some projects are “hard”, while other projects are “soft”, that some project skills are “hard”, while other project skills are “soft” etc. The aim is to discuss this dichotomization as an example of hierarchization – a power struggle between opposites – within project management research and literature and acknowledge the effects for project management research and practice of unreflective upholding of this dichotomy. We provide a critical review and discussion of stage-gate models as an example of “hard” project management approaches, and agile methods as an example of “soft” approaches to project management and acknowledge that in project management practice, it seems as if “hard” and “soft” approaches are most often combined. Hence, this dichotomy seems to be upheld by the research community while practitioners show a more holistic perspective to project management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 32, no 4, 568-577 p.
Keyword [en]
Dichotomy; Hard; Soft; Stage-gate models; Agile methods
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-23440DOI: 10.1016/j.ijproman.2013.10.009ISI: 000335617400004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84897965574OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-23440DiVA: diva2:678145
Available from: 2013-12-09 Created: 2013-12-11 Last updated: 2015-02-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hallin, Anette
By organisation
Industrial Economics and Organisation
In the same journal
International Journal of Project Management
Other Civil Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 167 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf