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Pulsations During Fires in Tunnels
Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering. SP Brandteknik. (MERO)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6758-6067
SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
2012 (English)In: Fire technology, ISSN 0015-2684, E-ISSN 1572-8099, Vol. 49, no 2, 551-581 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The existing theoretical modelling of thermoacoustic oscillations has been

studied and applied to the case of tunnel fires. The assumptions of the theoretical

model were reviewed. It was found that several assumptions are not applicable to

tunnel fires and, hence, suggestions for improvement are given. The correlation which

expresses the starting conditions for thermoacoustic oscillations is analysed and

dependencies on different parameters are presented. The pulsations documented during

the large-scale tests in the Runehamar tunnel in 2003 have also been further analysed.

The measurements were compared to the theoretical limiting curve for

oscillations, showing good agreement. To further study thermoacoustic oscillations in

tunnels, more detailed tests in a model-scale tunnel (1:100) were performed. These

tests focused on the circumstances which are required to create thermoacoustic oscillations,

i.e. the fire was located at different positions along the tunnel and the air flow

rate was varied. The tunnel had a length of 4 m, was 8 cm wide and 6 cm high. The

results were in good accordance with the theoretical modelling but showed deviations

which were most obvious at very low and high air velocities. Both the starting conditions

for thermoacoustic oscillations and cases where the thermoacoustic oscillations

suddenly stopped, were observed. These findings led to identification of several points

in the theoretical model which need to be improved, and to the development of a

strategy to avoid such pulsation in fires.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 49, no 2, 551-581 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-22846DOI: 10.1007/s10694-012-0263-zISI: 000313645600017Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84872610225OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-22846DiVA: diva2:664648
Available from: 2013-11-15 Created: 2013-11-15 Last updated: 2014-06-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
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