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Model Scale Metro Carriage Fire Tests - Influence of Material and Fire Load
SP Brandteknik, Sweden. (MERO)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6758-6067
SP Brandteknik, Sweden.
SP Brandteknik, Sweden.
2012 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

To study the fire spread in a metro carriage, fire tests in a scale model (1:3) were performed. A total of 10 tests were carried out to investigate the effect of material, fuel load, openings (doors and windows), and ignition location on the fire development. The fuel loads consisted of PUR seats, wall and floor coverings, and in some tests longitudinal wood cribs simulating luggage. Different parameters including heat release rate, gas temperature, gas concentration, heat flux and smoke density were investigated. The results show that the material and especially the luggage play a significant role in the fire development in the tested metro carriage. This proves to make the difference between minor fire spread and a carriage totally involved in the fire. The number and size of openings are also important for the fire development and maximum heat release rate. The focus of this paper is on the influence of the material and fuel load (luggage) on the fire development and fire spread.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. 159-170 p.
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-22843OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-22843DiVA: diva2:664638
Conference
2nd International Conference on Fires in Vehicles – FIVE 2012, September 27-28, 2012, Chicago, USA
Available from: 2013-11-15 Created: 2013-11-15 Last updated: 2016-01-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf