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Fall-related self-efficacy in instrumental activities of daily living is associated with falls in older community-living people
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6292-7010
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1912-3110
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2013 (English)In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, ISSN 0270-3181, E-ISSN 1541-3152, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 128-139Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The aim of this study was to identify fall risk factors in community-living people 75 years or older. Methods: From a random selection of 525 older adults, a total of 378 (72%) individuals participated in the study. Mean age was 81.7 years (range 75-101 years). A study-specific questionnaire including self-reported fall history for the past 6 months, the Falls-Efficacy Scale (Swedish version: FES(S)) and EuroQol 5 Dimensions (EQ5D) was used. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to find risk factors for falls. Results: The strongest significant predictor of falls was scoring low on FES(S) in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), with an odds ratio of 7.89 (95% confidence interval 2.93-21.25). One fifth had experienced one or more falls during the past 6 months. Both fall-related self-efficacy and health-related quality of life were significantly lower among fallers. Conclusion: Our results imply that identifying community-living older adults with an increased risk of falling should include a measure of fall-related self-efficacy in IADL.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 31, no 2, p. 128-139
Keywords [en]
Fall, Fall-related self-efficacy, Health-related quality of life, Older adults, Prevention
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-22364DOI: 10.3109/02703181.2013.792912Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84878314802&OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-22364DiVA, id: diva2:661896
Available from: 2013-11-05 Created: 2013-11-05 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Heideken Wågert, PetraSandborgh, MariaSöderlund, AnneJohansson, Ann-Christin

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