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How children and adolescents in primary care cope with pain and the biopsychosocial factors that correlate with pain-related disability
Uppsala University.
Uppsala University.
Uppsala University.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4537-030X
2013 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 102, no 10, p. 1021-1026Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To describe how children and adolescents cope with pain and to examine the biopsychosocial factors that correlate with pain-related disability (PRD) in a sample of primary care patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 133 patients, aged from eight to 16 years, who consulted primary care physiotherapy on a pain-related problem. Data were collected with the Functional Disability Inventory, the Pain Coping Questionnaire and a study-specific questionnaire. Linear multivariate regression analyses were applied to study the associations between PRD and (i) pain coping, (ii) individual-, pain-related and psychosocial variables. Results: Behavioural distraction, externalizing and catastrophizing explained 13% of the variance in PRD (regression model 1). In addition, pain intensity, worrying and the ability to reduce pain explained 21% of the variance in PRD (regression model 2). Conclusion: Variance in PRD was partly explained by pain intensity, worrying and ability to reduce pain and by behavioural distraction, externalizing and catastrophizing. Future prospective longitudinal studies are needed to identify possible additional variables explaining PRD, establish causality and the potential benefits of addressing these variables in interventions in primary care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 102, no 10, p. 1021-1026
Keyword [en]
Children, Pain coping, Pain-related disability, Primary care
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-21610DOI: 10.1111/apa.12352ISI: 000323886300032Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84883558075OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-21610DiVA, id: diva2:650168
Available from: 2013-09-20 Created: 2013-09-20 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Söderlund, Anne

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