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Different Cultures but Similar Positive Attitudes: A Comparison between Thai and Swedish Nursing Students' Attitudes toward Older People
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9821-9945
Borommarajonnani Nakhon-Ratchasima Nursing College, Thailand.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
2013 (English)In: Educational gerontology, ISSN 0360-1277, E-ISSN 1521-0472, Vol. 39, no 2, 92-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The proportion of elderly people in the world’s population is growing. Thailand and Sweden have disparate cultural traditions of caring for older people, though both countries are facing a larger population of older people. Sweden and Thailand are involved in several cooperative projects and exchange programs for nursing students in this area, raising the questions of if and how the different cultures of gerontological care influence students’ attitudes in the issue. The aim of the study was to compare Swedish and Thai nursing students’ attitudes towards older people. A convenience sample of 241 Thai nursing students and 299 Swedish nursing students participated in the study. The Kogan’s Old People Scale, a 34-item questionnaire, was used in this research. The questionnaire consists of 17 positive (OP+) statements and 17 negative (OP-) statements and uses a Likert scale. Concerning attitudes towards older people, there was no significant difference in Swedish and Thai students’ positive scores in the distribution across the groups. In contrast, these students did differ on negative scores across countries (p.001). This was understood to  be related to age; the Swedish students’ higher age was positively associated with their positive attitudes; as the age increased, the students’ scores were also higher. Attitudes towards older people are not only influenced by cultural values, norms, and social structures, they also have a foundation in gerontological knowledge and experiences. Education addressing cultural awareness of negative ageism should be incorporated into all aspects of education, not just gerontological courses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 39, no 2, 92-102 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Care Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-21501DOI: 10.1080/03601277.2012.689934ISI: 000313321600003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84874279222OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-21501DiVA: diva2:648815
Available from: 2013-09-17 Created: 2013-09-17 Last updated: 2015-11-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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Language
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