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Optimal locations for second generation Fischer Tropsch biodiesel production in Finland
University of Eastern Finland .
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria .
University of Eastern Finland.
Finnish Forest Research Institute (METLA), Vantaa, Finland.
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2014 (English)In: Renewable energy, ISSN 0960-1481, E-ISSN 1879-0682, Vol. 62, 319-330 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A country level spatially explicit mixed integer linear programming model has been applied to identify the optimal Fischer Tropsch biodiesel production plants locations in Finland. The optimal plant locations with least cost options are identified by minimizing the complete costs of the supply chain with respect to feedstock supply (energywood, pulpwood, sawmill residuals, wood imports), industrial competition (pulp mill, sawmill, combined heat and power plants, pellet industries) and energy demand (biodiesel, heat, biofuel import). Model results show that five biodiesel production plants of 390MWfeedstock are needed to be built to meet the 2020 renewable energy target in transport (25.2PJ). Given current market conditions, the Fischer Tropsch biodiesel can be produced at a cost around 18€/GJ including by-products income. Furthermore, the parameter sensitivity analysis shows that the production plant parameters such as investment costs and conversion efficiency are found to have profound influence on the biodiesel cost, and then followed by feedstock cost and plant size. In addition, the variations in feedstock costs and industrial competition determine the proportion of feedstock resource allocation to the production plants. The results of this study could help decision makers to strategically locate the FT-biodiesel production plants in Finland.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 62, 319-330 p.
Keyword [en]
Biodiesel, Fischer Tropsch, Mixed integer programming, Optimization, Supply chain
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-21196DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2013.07.013ISI: 000328095000036Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84881538039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-21196DiVA: diva2:644067
Available from: 2013-08-29 Created: 2013-08-29 Last updated: 2015-02-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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