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Intensification of biodiesel synthesis using metal foam reactors
East China University of Science and Technology.
East China University of Science and Technology.
East China University of Science and Technology.
East China University of Science and Technology.
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2010 (English)In: Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, Vol. 89, no 11, 3450-3456 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study presents a technology for continuous and high-efficiency alkali-catalyzed biodiesel synthesis using a metal foam reactor combined with a passive mixer. A metal foam reactor with higher pore density produces smaller droplets that result in higher efficiency of biodiesel synthesis. Compared with conventional stirred reactors, the time for high methyl ester conversion can be shortened remarkably by the use of metal foam reactors. Experimental results reveal that a metal foam reactor of 50 pores per inch exhibits an energy consumption per gram biodiesel of 1.01 J g-1, merely 1.69% and 0.77% of energy consumption of the zigzag micro-channel and conventional stirred reactors, respectively. Moreover, biodiesel yield per reactor for the metal foam reactor is approximately 60 times that of the zigzag micro-channel reactor, thus overcoming the problem of numbering up an excessive number of reactors in the application. These results indicate the great potential of metal foam reactors in small-fuel biodiesel processing plants for distributive applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 89, no 11, 3450-3456 p.
Keyword [en]
Biodiesel, Intensification, Mass transfer, Metal foam, Transesterification, Biodiesel synthesis, Energy consumption, High efficiency, Higher efficiency, Metal foams, Methyl esters, Micro channel reactors, Passive mixers, Pore densities, Pores per inches, Processing plants, Stirred reactors, Esters, Foams, Synthetic fuels, Metals
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-20381DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2010.06.011ISI: 000280604000036Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77955473107OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-20381DiVA: diva2:638515
Available from: 2013-07-30 Created: 2013-07-30 Last updated: 2014-06-17Bibliographically approved

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Yan, Jinyue
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf