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Long-term outcomes for mothers who have or have not held their stillborn baby
Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
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2009 (English)In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 25, no 4, 422-429 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: to investigate long-term outcomes of mothers who have or have not held their stillborn baby, and predictors of having held the baby. Design: postal questionnaires. Setting: a nation-wide cohort study of mothers who gave birth to a singleton stillborn baby in Sweden in 1991. Participants: 314 out of 380 women answered the questionnaire and 309 reported whether or not they had held their baby. Measurements: scales measuring anxiety, depression and well-being. Findings: 126 (68%) mothers of 185 babies stillborn after 37 gestational weeks had held their baby and 82 (68%) mothers of 120 babies stillborn at gestational weeks 28-37 had also done so. Compared with mothers who agreed completely with the statement that staff gave enough support to hold the baby, mothers who did not agree were less likely to have held their baby [relative risk (RR) 4.1; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.7-6.1], and mothers with a low level of education were less Likely to have held their baby than mothers with a higher level of education (RR 2.2; 95% CI 1.3-3.8). Mothers who had not held their babies born after 37 gestational weeks had an increased risk of headache (RR 4.3; 95% CI 1.1-16.5), and they were less satisfied with their steep (RR 2.7; 95% CI 1.5-5.0). The increased risk of long-term outcomes associated with not holding, compared with holding, a stillborn baby were Less pronounced for women who gave birth at gestational week 28-37 compared with women who gave birth after 37 gestational weeks. Key conclusions: in this cohort, we found an overall beneficial effect of having held a stillborn baby born after 37 gestational weeks, whereas findings for having held a stillborn baby born at gestational weeks 28-37 are uncertain. The attitude of staff influenced whether or not the mother held her stillborn baby. Implications for practice: if the mother is guided by staff in a sensitive way to hold her stillborn term baby, the experience wit( possibly be beneficial for her in the long term. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 25, no 4, 422-429 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-19874DOI: 10.1016/j.midw.2007.03.005ISI: 000268614100010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-67649648247OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-19874DiVA: diva2:635727
Available from: 2013-07-05 Created: 2013-06-26 Last updated: 2013-07-05Bibliographically approved

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