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Changes in hope and health-related quality of life in couples following acute myocardial infarction: A quantitative longitudinal study
Mid Sweden University.
Mid Sweden University.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8865-6818
Mid Sweden University.
2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 27, no 2, 295-302 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a life-changing event that affects both the patient and the family and can have an influence on hope as well as HRQoL during the recovery period. Aims: To compare self-rated scores of hope and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) 1, 7, 13 and 25months, after an AMI with regard to (i) differences across time, and (ii) differences between patients and their partners. Design: Explorative and longitudinal study. Methods: In this nonrandomized study, Short Form 36 Health Questionnaire (SF-36) and Herth Hope Index-Swedish (HHI-S) questionnaires were completed by thirteen post-AMI patients and their partners. Data were collected on four occasions. Results: In general, hope as well as HRQoL scores increased over time. A 2 (groups)×4 (times) anova for mixed design showed significant changes in mental as well as in physical health over time but no significant effect of group on mental or physical health. Calculation of the minimum detectable change (MDC-index) for HHI-S and SF-36 revealed that scores between data collection points were not stable. Conclusion: Our results show that although hope and HRQoL scores increased, only a few of the changes were statistically significant. Neither HHI-S nor SF-36 seems to measure stable states. Changes in hope and HRQoL levels may be due to participants striving to adapt to the current situation. Relevance to clinical practice: These results can be used in the training of nursing staff to enhance their understanding of the significance of a family-centred approach after an AMI. © 2012 Nordic College of Caring Science.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 27, no 2, 295-302 p.
Keyword [en]
Acute myocardial infarction, Health-related quality of life, Hope, Minimum detectable change (MDC), Nursing
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-19052DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2012.01032.xISI: 000318815700012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84877831127OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-19052DiVA: diva2:623048
Available from: 2013-05-24 Created: 2013-05-24 Last updated: 2013-12-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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