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Do job demands and job control affect problem-solving?
Karolinska Inst.
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
Linkoping Univ.
Karolinska Inst.
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2012 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 42, no 2, 195-203 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The Job Demand Control model presents combinations of working conditions that may facilitate learning, the active learning hypothesis, or have detrimental effects on health, the strain hypothesis. To test the active learning hypothesis, this study analysed the effects of job demands and job control on general problem-solving strategies. Participants: A population-based sample of 4,636 individuals (55% women, 45% men) with the same job characteristics measured at two times with a three year time lag was used. Methods: Main effects of demands, skill discretion, task authority and control, and the combined effects of demands and control were analysed in logistic regressions, on four outcomes representing general problem-solving strategies. Results: Those reporting high on skill discretion, task authority and control, as well as those reporting high demand/high control and low demand/high control job characteristics were more likely to state using problem solving strategies. Conclusions: Results suggest that working conditions including high levels of control may affect how individuals cope with problems and that workplace characteristics may affect behaviour in the non-work domain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 42, no 2, 195-203 p.
Keyword [en]
Work characteristics, longitudinal, spill-over, learning
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-17796DOI: 10.3233/WOR-2012-1340ISI: 000305393600005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84864615024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-17796DiVA: diva2:588133
Available from: 2013-01-15 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2013-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Ahlberg, Gunnel
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf