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Vägtrafikskadade i Västmanlands län idag och för tjugo år sedan: Regional uppföljning av det nationella trafiksäkerhetsmålet
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur det nationella målet för trafiksäkerhet går att följa upp på länsnivå via befintlig statistik från polis och sjukvård. Ger de två källorna en likartad bild av förändringen av antalet vägtrafikskadade under den gångna tjugoårsperioden? Undersök- ningen omfattar personer som skadats och överlevt vägtrafikolyckor i Västmanlands län. Data från 1989/1990 respektive 2008/2009 jämförs.

De två statistikkällorna ger en likartad bild av förändringen av antalet vägtrafikskadade bilister, motorcyklister och mopedister. Skillnaderna är däremot stora beträffande gång- trafikanter och cyklister.

Antalet skadade personer registrerade av sjukvården i länet har minskat under den studerade tidsperioden. Det beror på att antalet skadade gångtrafikanter och cyklister har blivit färre. På grund av förändringar inom sjukvården kan minskningen inte kvantifieras. Det lägre antalet frakturer, främst hos gångtrafikanter men även hos cyklister, visar att det varit en minskning. Antalet skadade bilister har däremot blivit fler, men de skadas lindrigare än 1989/1990. Gruppen allvarligt skadade bilister (ISS > 8) har dock ökat.

För perioden 1997 – 2009 har det inte funnits något nationellt definierat trafiksäkerhetsmål för allvarligt skadade. Enligt polisens statistik är antalet svårt skadade vägtrafikanter i länet oförändrat under perioden. Om allvarligt skadad i sjukvårdens mätning definieras som inlagd på sjukhus har antalet allvarligt skadade under perioden minskat med 27 %. Antalet allvarligt skadade definierat som ISS > 8 är oförändrat. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study is to investigate the extent to which it is possible to make a follow- up on the regional level of the national road safety target by using existing police and hospital statistics. Do the two sources provide a similar picture of the changes of the number of persons injured in road traffic accidents during the past twenty years? The survey covers persons injured but survived in road accidents in the county of Västmanland. 2008/2009 figures are compared with 1989/1990 figures.

Both sets of statistics provide a similar picture of the changes with regard to the number of injured motorists, motorcyclists and moped drivers. However, concerning pedestrians and cyclists there are significant differences.

During the time period being studied, the number of injured persons registered by the hospitals of the county has decreased. This is due to the fact that the number of pedestrians and cyclists injured has decreased. However, it is due to structural changes of the health care difficult to quantify the reduction. The lower number fractures, primarily of pedestrians but also of cyclists, shows that there has been a decrease. On the contrary, the number of injured motorists has increased, but their injuries are less serious than in 1989/1990. However, the number of those motorists with serious injuries (ISS > 8) has increased.

For the period 1997 – 2009 there has not had an established national target for the number of seriously injured. According to police statistics, the number of severely injured road users in the county has remained unchanged during the time period being studied. If those being hospitalized in the medical statistics are defined as seriously injured, the number of seriously injured has decreased with 27 %. However, if seriously injured is defined as those with

ISS > 8, the number has remained unchanged. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
Road traffic injured, traffic safety, Vision Zero, injury-surveillance, public health, management by objectives
Keyword [sv]
Vägtrafikskadade, trafiksäkerhet, Nollvisionen, skadeuppföljning, folkhälsa, målstyrning
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-15022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-15022DiVA: diva2:540151
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-09-07 Created: 2012-07-07 Last updated: 2012-09-07Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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