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Pluralism and sustainable development
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology. (Ekonomi för hållbar utveckling)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2689-819X
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Pluralism and Economics Education, ISSN 1757-5648, Vol. 3, no 1, 23-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

University departments of economics have to move from monism to pluralism in the sense of encouraging competing theoretical perspectives. The tension between monism and pluralism is not limited to economics paradigms but also concerns theory of science and ideological orientation. It is argued that dominant theory of science (positivism), dominant paradigm in economics (neoclassical) and dominant ideological orientation (neo-liberalism) together largely explain the institutions that are dominant in present society.

Two arguments for pluralism are stressed; it is not realistic to expect one paradigm to be the best for all purposes. The neoclassical perspective was developed for specific purposes and is insufficient for instance in relation to sustainability issues. In addition to the'purpose' argument, there is an 'ideology-democracy' argument for pluralism. Each theoretical perspective in economics is specific not only in theoretical terms but also in ideological terms. The present close to monopolyy position of neoclassical economics at departments of economics limits the scope of economics research and education ideologically in a way that should not be accepted in a democratic society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Inderscience, 2012. Vol. 3, no 1, 23-39 p.
Keyword [en]
theory of science; paradigm; ideological orientation; neoclassical economics; institutional economics; sustainable development; pluralism; democracy
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Industrial Economics and Organisations
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-14749DOI: 10.1504/IJPEE.2012.047470OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-14749DiVA: diva2:533790
Projects
Economics for sustainable development
Available from: 2012-06-14 Created: 2012-06-14 Last updated: 2014-05-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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