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Management of Design Information in the Production System Design Process
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. (Product Realization)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5963-2470
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

For manufacturing companies active on the global market, high-performance production systems that contribute to the growth and competitiveness of the company are essential. Among a wide range of industries it is increasingly acknowledged that superior production system capabilities are crucial for competitive success. However, the process of designing the production system has received little attention, ignoring its potential for gaining a competitive edge. Designing production systems in an effective and efficient manner is advantageous as it supports the possibility to achieve the best possible production system in a shorter time. One way to facilitate the design of the production system is an effective management of design information. Without managing design information effectively in the production system design process the consequences may be devastating including delays, difficulties in production ramp-up, costly rework, and productivity losses.

The objective of the research presented in this thesis is to develop knowledge that will contribute to an effective management of design information when designing production systems. The empirical data collection rests on a multiple-case study method and a survey in which the primary data derive from two industrialization projects at a supplier in the automotive industry. Each industrialization project involved the design of a new production system.

The findings revealed ten categories of design information to be used throughout the process of designing production systems. The identified design information categories are grouped in the following way: (1) design information that minimizes the risk of sub-optimization; (2) design information that ensures an alignment with the requirements placed by the external context; (3) design information that ensures an alignment with the requirements placed by the internal context, and (4) design information that facilitates advancements in the design work. In order to improve the management of the broad variety of design information required, a framework is developed. The framework confirms the necessity to consider the management of design information as a multidimensional construct consisting of the acquiring, sharing, and using of information. Further, the framework is based on six characteristics that influence the management of design information. These characteristics are information type, source of information, communication medium, formalization, information quality, and pragmatic information. Supported by the findings, guidelines for the management of design information are outlined to facilitate an effective and efficient design of the production system and thus contribute to better production systems. The guidelines are of value to those responsible for or involved in the design of production systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University , 2012.
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 119
Keywords [en]
Information management, production system, design process, design information, manufacturing industry, industrialization
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-14138ISBN: 978-91-7485-059-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-14138DiVA, id: diva2:488464
Public defence
2012-03-30, Filen, Smedjegatan 37, Eskilstuna, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production researchAvailable from: 2012-02-03 Created: 2012-02-01 Last updated: 2013-12-03Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Information Requirements in a Proactive Assembly Work Setting
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information Requirements in a Proactive Assembly Work Setting
2009 (English)In: 3rd International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production / [ed] Michael Zäh, Utz, Herbert , 2009Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Utz, Herbert, 2009
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-14131 (URN)978-3-8316-0933-8 (ISBN)
Conference
International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production (3, 2009, München), Technische Universität München Lehrstuhl für Werkzeugmaschinen und Betriebswissenschaften
Available from: 2012-02-01 Created: 2012-02-01 Last updated: 2013-12-03Bibliographically approved
2. Dual Perspective on Information Exchanges between Design and Manufacturing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dual Perspective on Information Exchanges between Design and Manufacturing
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED11), Vol. 6 / [ed] Culley, S.J.; Hicks, B.J.; McAloone, T.C.; Howard, T.J. & Chen, W., 2011, p. 21-30Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses the exchange of information between the design and manufacturing interface from both perspectives in order to ensure interdepartmental integration and improve the performance of new product development projects. Based on two in-depth case studies, this article illustrates that there are differences in the type of information transferred between design and manufacturing as well as how this information is shared. While design engineers ask for feedback to their work regarding both the product and the project, relies the production system designer heavily on feed-forward information concerning the product per se. For effective new product development, it seems however beneficial that design engineers also should give feedback to the production system concept. The implication is that project managers need to carefully consider how to improve the sharing of information upstream in new product development projects and what communication medium to apply to transfer the information between design and manufacturing.

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-13582 (URN)2-s2.0-84858844995 (Scopus ID)978-190467026-1 (ISBN)
Conference
18th International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 11; Copenhagen; 15 August 2011 through 18 August 2011
Projects
xpres
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Available from: 2011-12-15 Created: 2011-12-15 Last updated: 2013-12-04Bibliographically approved
3. Design information for efficient equipment supplier/buyer integration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design information for efficient equipment supplier/buyer integration
2012 (English)In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 484-502Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to describe the underlying design information and success factors for production equipment acquisition, in order to support the design of high-performance production systems. Design/methodology/approach - The research strategy employed was an in-depth case study of an industrialization project, together with a questionnaire of 25 equipment suppliers. Findings - The study provides the reader with an insight into the role of design information when acquiring production equipment by addressing questions such as: What type of information is used? How do equipment suppliers obtain information? What factors facilitate a smooth production system acquisition? Research limitations/implications - Limitations are primarily associated with the chosen research methodology, which requires further empirical studies to establish a generic value. Practical implications - The implications are that manufacturing companies have to transfer various types of design information with respect to the content and kind of information. More attention has to be placed on what information is transferred to ensure that equipment suppliers receive all the information needed to design and subsequently build the production equipment. To facilitate integration of equipment suppliers, manufacturing companies should appoint a contact person who can gather, understand and transform relevant design information. Originality/value - External integration of equipment suppliers in production system design by means of design information is an area that has been rarely addressed in academia and industry

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-14106 (URN)10.1108/17410381211230448 (DOI)2-s2.0-84861377649 (Scopus ID)
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Available from: 2012-01-31 Created: 2012-01-31 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
4. Creating a competitive edge when designing production systems: facilitating the sharing of design information
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creating a competitive edge when designing production systems: facilitating the sharing of design information
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Services Sciences, ISSN 1753-1454, Vol. 4, no 3/4, p. 257-276Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When designing production systems, design information must be shared among functions at the manufacturing company and the external equipment supplier in order to integrate the various work activities. In this paper, factors facilitating the sharing of design information are analysed based on an in-depth case study of a supplier in the automotive industry. First, our findings show that the sharing of design information is promoted by formalisation. Second, informal coordination mechanisms are more crucial for internal integration between specialised functions than for external integration with the equipment supplier. Finally, our findings indicate that personal and language barriers appear more difficult to overcome than organisational bounds or geographical distance. Altogether, the findings provide strong evidence for the importance of sharing design information when designing more sophisticated production systems.

Keywords
design information; information sharing; production system design process; integration; manufacturing industry
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-14108 (URN)10.1504/IJSSCI.2012.051061 (DOI)
Projects
XpressPROLOC
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Available from: 2012-01-31 Created: 2012-01-31 Last updated: 2013-12-04Bibliographically approved
5. Characteristics affecting management of design information in the production system design process
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characteristics affecting management of design information in the production system design process
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 51, no 11, p. 3241-3251Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Although it has been argued that the design of production systems is crucial, there is a general lack of empirical studies analysing and identifying resources and capabilities required for an efficient production system design process. One of these resources is the critical role attributed to design information and one such capability is how the design information is managed. To address this research gap, this paper reports the results from two in-depth case studies in the automotive industry focusing on the management of design information in the production system design process. Our results show that design information management needs to be understood as a multidimensional concept having three dimensions: acquiring, sharing and using design information. By focusing on the three dimensions, six characteristics affecting the management of design information when designing the production system are identified. The characteristics are information type, source of information, communication medium, formalisation, information quality and pragmatic information. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords
case study, characteristics, information management, manufacturing industry, production system design
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-18368 (URN)10.1080/00207543.2012.755273 (DOI)000320692300005 ()2-s2.0-84879687947 (Scopus ID)
Projects
xpres
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Available from: 2013-03-15 Created: 2013-03-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
6. Information Management for Production System Design with a New Portfolio Approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information Management for Production System Design with a New Portfolio Approach
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Production Research, Stuttgart: Fraunhofer-Verlag , 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

An effective management of information is vital for successful development of new products. However, knowledge is lacking about the management of information during production system design and its effects on innovation. This exploratory case study in the automotive industry furthers understanding of how management of information contributes to the design of robust and dynamic production systems that can handle changing production situations. The results from the case study indicate that the management of information should consider requirements of current and future production system generations facilitating a conscious planning of a production systems portfolio that corresponds to the product portfolio. This approach allows for new ways of designing production system concepts and production technology solutions, which also can accelerate the innovation capabilities of the manufacturing company.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stuttgart: Fraunhofer-Verlag, 2011
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-13643 (URN)978-3-8396-0293-5 (ISBN)
Conference
International Conference on Production Research (ICPR 21) : Innovation in Product and ProductionJuly 31 - August 4, 2011 in Stuttgart, Germany
Projects
xpres
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Available from: 2011-12-15 Created: 2011-12-15 Last updated: 2013-12-04Bibliographically approved

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