mdh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A Bluetooth Radio Energy Consumption Model for Low Duty-Cycle Applications
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. (ISS)
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. (ISS)
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1940-1747
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2419-2735
Show others and affiliations
2012 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, ISSN 0018-9456, Vol. 61, no 3, 609-617 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a realistic model of the radio energy consumption for Bluetooth-equipped sensor nodes used in a low-duty-cycle network. The model is based on empirical energy consumption measurements of Bluetooth modules. This model will give users the possibility to optimize their radio communication with respect to energy consumption while sustaining the data rate. This paper shows that transmission power cannot always be directly related to energy consumption. Measurements indicate that, when the transmission power ranges from $-$5 to $+$10 dBm, the difference in consumed energy can be detected for each transmission peak in the sniff peak. However, the change is negligible for the overall energy consumption. The nonlinear behavior of the idle state for both master and slave when increasing the interval and number of attempts is presented. The energy consumption for a master node is in direct relation to the number of slaves and will increase by approximately 50% of the consumption of one slave per additional slave, regardless of the radio setting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 61, no 3, 609-617 p.
Keyword [en]
Bluetooth, energy model, low-duty-cycle applications, power consumption, radio models
National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Electronics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-13403DOI: 10.1109/TIM.2011.2172997ISI: 000300248600005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84857051531OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-13403DiVA: diva2:462050
Projects
TESLA
Note

(c) 2011 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works

Available from: 2011-12-06 Created: 2011-12-06 Last updated: 2014-06-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Towards Predictable and Reliable Wireless Communication in Harsh Environments
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Predictable and Reliable Wireless Communication in Harsh Environments
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Wireless communication in industrial, scientific and medical applications have several benefits. The main benefits when using wireless technologies include ease-of-deployment, the simplicity to introduce new units into the network and mobility. However it also put higher demands on the communication, including reliability and predictability compared to wired communication. The reliability issues correlate to the radio communication and the possibility to ensure that the user data is received, and within the time frame of the system requirements. This doctoral thesis presents an empirical measurement approach to investigate and model the behaviour linked to reliability and predictability. The focus of the work presented is energy consumption, packet-error-rate and latency studies. This is performed for various radio technologies and standards in (radio?) harsh environments. The main contributions of this thesis are the measurements platforms and procedures that have been developed to meet the requirements to investigate modern radio technologies in terms of predictability and reliability. This thesis show that it is possible to predict wireless communication in radio harsh environments. However it is necessary to determine the characteristics of the environment to be able to choose a suitable radio technology. The measurement procedures presented in this thesis alongside the platform developed enable these types of investigations. In this thesis a model of the energy consumption for a Bluetooth radio in low-duty-cycle applications with point-to-multipoint communication is presented. The measurements show that distance and transmission power will not effect the energy consumption for a Bluetooth nor ZigBee module. However the packet-error-rate and number of retransmissions will affect the overall energy consumption, and these parameters can be correlated to distance and foremost the environmental characteristics. This thesis also presents two application-based solutions, a time synchronized ECG network with reliable data communication as well as a low-latency wireless I/O for a hydro plant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mälardalen University, 2013
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 134
Keyword
Wireless, Reliable, predictable, Bluetooth, Zigbee, hardware development, measurements
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Electronics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-16413 (URN)978-91-7485-098-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-01-25, Lambda, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
TeslaGauss
Available from: 2012-12-06 Created: 2012-12-06 Last updated: 2012-12-14Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(505 kB)389 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 505 kBChecksum SHA-512
b9f81bc18d8ebb1b87d0be2436029272bce0c1587f8e17ef05fd4ff4fa1ad3d7aef97934041803374e7fbc2da9bf43fa88a6a55ee7610608e7ba08649f9f7d30
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textScopushttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6094208

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ekström, MartinBergblomma, MarcusLindén, MariaBjörkman, MatsEkström, Mikael
By organisation
School of Innovation, Design and Engineering
In the same journal
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Telecommunications

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 413 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 236 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf