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Optimal Locations for Methanol and CHP Production in Eastern Finland
University of Eastern Finland.
International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg.
Finnish Forest Research Institute (METLA), Vantaa.
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2012 (English)In: Bioenergy Research, ISSN 1939-1234, Vol. 5, no 2, 412-423 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Finland considers energy production from woody biomass as an efficient energy planning strategy to increase the domestic renewable energy production in order to substitute fossil fuel consumption and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Consequently, a number of developmental activities are implemented in the country, and one of them is the installation of second generation liquid biofuel demonstration plants. In this study, two gasification-based biomass conversion technologies, methanol and combined heat and power (CHP) production, are assessed for commercialization. Spatial information on forest resources, sawmill residues, existing biomass-based industries, energy demand regions, possible plant locations, and a transport network of Eastern Finland is fed into a geographically explicit Mixed Integer Programming model to minimize the costs of the entire supply chain which includes the biomass supply, biomass and biofuel transportation, biomass conversion, energy distribution, and emissions. The model generates a solution by determining the optimal number, locations, and technology mix of bioenergy production plants. Scenarios were created with a focus on biomass and energy demand, plant characteristics, and cost variations. The model results state that the biomass supply and high energy demand are found to have a profound influence on the potential bioenergy production plant locations. The results show that methanol can be produced in Eastern Finland under current market conditions at an average cost of 0.22 €/l with heat sales (0.34 €/l without heat sales). The introduction of energy policy tools, like cost for carbon, showed a significant influence on the choice of technology and CO 2 emission reductions. The results revealed that the methanol technology was preferred over the CHP technology at higher carbon dioxide cost (>145 €/t CO2). The results indicate that two methanol plants (360 MW biomass) are needed to be built to meet the transport fuel demand of Eastern Finland

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 5, no 2, 412-423 p.
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-13311DOI: 10.1007/s12155-011-9152-4ISI: 000303480800015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84860510400OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-13311DiVA: diva2:457642
Available from: 2011-11-18 Created: 2011-11-18 Last updated: 2014-01-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf