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Cost-effective policy instruments for greenhouse gas emission reduction and fossil fuel substitution through bioenergy production in Austria
Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Austria.
Int Inst Appl Syst Anal, Austria.
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9230-1596
Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Austria.
2011 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 39, no 6, p. 3261-3280Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change mitigation and security of energy supply are important targets of Austrian energy policy. Bioenergy production based on resources from agriculture and forestry is an important option for attaining these targets. To increase the share of bioenergy in the energy supply, supporting policy instruments are necessary. The cost-effectiveness of these instruments in attaining policy targets depends on the availability of bioenergy technologies. Advanced technologies such as second-generation biofuels, biomass gasification for power production, and bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) will likely change the performance of policy instruments. This article assesses the cost-effectiveness of energy policy instruments, considering new bioenergy technologies for the year 2030, with respect to greenhouse gas emission (GHG) reduction and fossil fuel substitution. Instruments that directly subsidize bioenergy are compared with instruments that aim at reducing GHG emissions. A spatially explicit modeling approach is used to account for biomass supply and energy distribution costs in Austria. Results indicate that a carbon tax performs cost-effectively with respect to both policy targets if BECCS is not available. However, the availability of BECCS creates a trade-off between GHG emission reduction and fossil fuel substitution. Biofuel blending obligations are costly in terms of attaining the policy targets

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 39, no 6, p. 3261-3280
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-13308DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2011.03.018ISI: 000291411300025Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79955918176OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-13308DiVA, id: diva2:457637
Available from: 2011-11-18 Created: 2011-11-18 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Dotzauer, Erik

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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Output format
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