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Visual fields in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder before and after treatment with stimulants.
Karolinska institutet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5976-5193
Gothenburg University.
Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden .
Gothenburg University.
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2008 (English)In: Acta ophthalmologica, ISSN 1755-3768, Vol. 86, no 3, p. 259-264Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate visual function in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), to correlate these data with the morphology of the optic nerve, and to find out if and how psychostimulant medication affects visual functions. METHODS: The visual acuity (VA) and visual fields (VFs) of 18 children with ADHD (two girls and 16 boys), aged 6-17 years, were examined before and after treatment with psychostimulants. A control group, consisting of 24 children (nine girls and 15 boys), aged 7-18 years, were examined twice to evaluate the repeatability of the tests and the learning effect. Fundus photographs were analysed by digital planimetry. RESULTS: Visual acuity increased significantly (p = 0.0039) in the ADHD group after treatment. The difference between the two VF examinations was significantly larger in the ADHD group compared with the control group (p = 0.036). Significantly more ADHD subjects had subnormal VF results without stimulants, compared with controls (p = 0.0043), but with stimulants the difference was no longer significant. CONCLUSIONS: Children with ADHD showed better VA and VF results with than without psychostimulant medication.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 86, no 3, p. 259-264
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-10569DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.2008.01189.xISI: 000257020600005PubMedID: 18494726Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-44649086445OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-10569DiVA, id: diva2:360165
Available from: 2010-11-02 Created: 2010-10-27 Last updated: 2014-06-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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