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Polisprovocerande suicidbeteende: Förekomst, karakteristika och polisers upplevelser av suicide by cop i Sverige
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Situationer där polisen skjuter kan uppstå till följd av att gärningsmän uppvisar provokativa suicidbeteenden. Detta fenomen är känt som suicide by cop (SbC) och har visat sig utgöra en betydande andel av undersökta skjuthändelser i Nordamerika. Studien syftar till att ge en deskriptiv bild av SbC i Sverige utifrån förekomst och karakteristika gällande situationer och gärningsmän, samt att beskriva hur dessa händelser kan upplevas och hanteras av poliser. Skjuthändelser som inträffat under tidsperioden 2005-2009 granskades och intervjuer genomfördes med tio poliser som upplevt SbC-händelser. Resultatet visade att SbC svarade för 26 % av skjuthändelserna. Intervjuade poliser upplevde ofta gärningsmännen som både aggressiva och suicidala och en osäkerhet över vem som egentligen haft kontroll över situationen var att betrakta som en central problematik. Vidare beskrevs akuta stressreaktioner och posttraumatiska minnen till följd av dessa händelser. Ökad kunskap om psykologin bakom SbC är att betrakta som viktigt för hanteringen av dessa incidenter.

Abstract [en]

Officer-involved shootings (OIS) sometimes occur as a result of provocative and suicidal behavior among offenders. This phenomenon, known as suicide by cop (SbC), has been shown to represent a significant part of OIS-cases in North American samples. This study aims to provide a descriptive picture of SbC in Sweden based on frequency and characteristics of situations and offenders. It also aims to describe how SbC can be experienced and handled by police officers. OIS-cases that occurred during 2005-2009 were investigated and ten officers were interviewed. Results showed that SbC accounted for 26 % of the OIS-cases. Interviewed officers often perceived perpetrators as both aggressive and suicidal and an uncertainty over who actually had control was considered a key issue. Officers also reported acute stress reactions and posttraumatic memories as a result of SbC. Increased knowledge about the psychology of SbC is considered as an important factor for dealing with SbC-situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
suicide by cop, police officer, critical incident, traumatic experience
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-10198OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-10198DiVA: diva2:345975
Presentation
, Västerås (Swedish)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-10-18 Created: 2010-08-30 Last updated: 2010-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Liedholm, Andreas
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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More languages
Output format
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