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Sjukgymnastik efter cancerbehandling: Utvärdering av behandling för att minska biverkningar
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hand-fot syndrom är en form av perifer sensorisk neuropati orsakad av cytostatikabehandling. Syndromet kan ge biverkningar såsom smärta, obehag, domningar, svullnad och nedsatt balans. Utvärderade behandlingsmetoder saknas.

Syfte: Undersöka hur tolv veckors sjukgymnastisk behandling med långvågsdiametri, interferens och balansträning påverkar biverkningar i fot/underben orsakad av cytostatikabehandling hos sju patienter med hand-fot syndrom.

Metod: Gruppstudie, kvasiexperimentell resultatstudie. Sju patienter deltog. Variabler som mättes var, smärta, obehag, domningar och balans. Tre mätningar utfördes, före, efter samt åtta veckor efter interventionen. Självrapporterad skattning och fysisk mätning användes.

Resultat: Gruppens smärta, obehag och domningar minskade vid samtliga mätningar. För smärta visade mätning efter intervention samt åtta veckor efter signifikans (p=0,027), (p=0,042). Obehag visade signifikans efter interventionen (p=0,018). Domningar visade ingen signifikans. Balans visade signifikans i: Skärpt Romberg, höger, blundande, åtta veckor efter interventionen (p=0,043). Skärpt Romberg, vänster, blundande, efter interventionen (p=0,027), åtta veckor efter interventionen (p=0,028). Stående på ett ben, höger, blundande, efter interventionen (p=0,042), åtta veckor efter interventionen (p=0,027). Inga mätningar visade försämringar.

Slutsats: Restultaten visade att behandling med långvårdsdiametri, interferens och balansträning minskade smärta, obehag, domningar och delvis förbättrade balans vid hand-fot syndrom. Dock går det inte att påvisa vilken behandlingskomponent som påverkat mest. Ytterligare studier behövs för att ge resultat större giltighet.

Abstract [en]

Background: Hand-foot syndrome is a form of perifier sensory neuropathy caused by chemotherapy. The syndrome can cause side effects such as pain, discomfort, numbness, swelling and impaired balance. Evaluated treatment is lacking.

Purpose: Examine how twelve week physiotherapy treatment short-wave diathermy, interference and balance training affects side effects of the foot/lower leg caused by chemotherapy in seven patients with hand-foot syndrome.

Method: Study group, quasi-experimental outcome study. Seven patients participated. Variables measured were, pain, discomfort, numbness, and balance. Three measurements were carried out, before, after, and eight weeks after the intervention. Self-reported estimates and the physical measurement were used.

Results: The group's pain, discomfort and numbness decreased in all measurements. For pain measurement after the intervention and eight weeks after showed significance (p = 0,027),(p = 0,042). Discomfort showed significance after the intervention (p = 0,018). Numbness showed no significance. Balance showed significance in: Sharpened Romberg, left, eyes closed, eight weeks after intervention (p = 0,043). Sharpened Romberg, left, eyes closed, after the intervention (p = 0,027), eight weeks after intervention (p = 0,028). Standing on one leg, the right, eyes closed, after the intervention (p = 0,042), eight weeks after intervention(p = 0,027). No measurements showed deterioration.

Conclusion: The results showed that treatment with short-wave diathermy, interference and balance training reduced pain, discomfort, numbness and partial improvements in balance in hand-foot syndrome. However, it is not possible to demonstrate which treatment component that affected the most. Further studies are needed to produce results more valid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
Cancer, Cytostatic Agents, Hand-foot syndrome, Physical therapy
Keywords [sv]
Cancer, Cytostatika, Hand-fot syndrom, Sjukgymnastik
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-9374OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-9374DiVA, id: diva2:302900
Presentation
(English)
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Available from: 2010-03-10 Created: 2010-03-10 Last updated: 2010-03-10Bibliographically approved

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