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A further investigation of the importance of pain cognition and behaviour in pain rehabilitation: longitudinal data suggest disability and fear of movement are most important
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4537-030X
2010 (English)In: Clinical Rehabilitation, ISSN 0269-2155, E-ISSN 1477-0873, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 422-430Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Tailored treatments are topical in pain rehabilitation. One key issue for correlational studies is the identification of factors having a potential causal impact on essential treatment outcomes.

Objective: To study associations between pain beliefs and disability with regard to the amount and time-frame of available data.

Design: A prospective, correlational design.

Subjects and setting: Ninety-two patients consulting physical therapists in primary care for persistent musculoskeletal pain.

Main measures: The Pain Disability Index, the Self-Efficacy Scale and the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia.

Results: Functional self-efficacy and fear of movement/(re) injury explained variance in pain-related disability pretreatment (adj R(2) = 0.41). Self-efficacy was the most salient predictor. Adding data from immediately post treatment decreased explained variance (adj R(2) = 0.25). Functional self-efficacy and fear of movement/ (re)injury lost their significant contribution in favour of pain-related disability at baseline. Change scores in functional self-efficacy and fear of movement/(re) injury accounted for a modest share of explained variance in change scores of disability (adj R(2) = 0.11). Fear of movement/(re) injury but not functional self-efficacy was related to a reliable change in pain-related disability.

Conclusions: Longitudinal data suggest that pretreatment levels of pain-related disability and changes in fear of movement/(re) injury are most important to immediate treatment outcomes and individual reliable change. Disability and elevated fear of movement/(re) injury should therefore be addressed in tailored pain treatments. A "

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 24, no 5, p. 422-430
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-8159DOI: 10.1177/0269215509353264ISI: 000277279300004PubMedID: 20442254Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77951942424OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-8159DiVA, id: diva2:293516
Available from: 2010-02-11 Created: 2010-02-11 Last updated: 2017-12-12

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