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CFD modelling of solid-liquid multiphase and mathematical separation of the phases in a continuous pulp digester
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology. (PRO)
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology. (PRO)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7233-6916
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Modelling and Simulation, ISSN 0228-6203, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 384-395Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper describes the use of a CFD multiphase model using commercial FLUENT software to aid understanding of the physical behavior of solid and liquid flows in the digester of the pulping process. We take into consideration the mass balance of the multi-inlets, outlets and circulation flows in the digester. We also look at the application of a Porous media model to describe the dynamic behavior of the liquor flow through a bed of solid particles.

The cylindrical Korsnas/vallvik pulping digester in Sweden is represented in the models as an axisymmetric two-dimensional model, which includes multiple feeds, outlets, pressure adjustment valves and circulation pipes.

Separation of the phases is an important part of the pulping process. A number of multiphase models are evaluated for their potential use in phase separation.

For this evaluation we constructed the two-dimensional digester model in the Gambit software package, a pre- processor tool for FLUENT 

Physical strainers at the entrances of outlet pipes were designed in Gambit, in order to investigate the possibility of physically separating large solid particles from the liquid flow where both phases are subject to suction into the circulation pipes.

The compaction of the wood chips is also considered in the modeling. In the Porous model, the digester is divided into sections of different porosity, and the behavior of individual suspension particles  is not considered. The bulk of this paper concerns modeling mass balances and phases of the mixture in the digester using Eulerian and Mixture strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACTA Press , 2010. Vol. 30, no 3, p. 384-395
Keywords [en]
pulp digester, CFD modelling, porosity
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-7885DOI: 10.2316/Journal.205.2010.3.205-5292Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77956972255OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-7885DiVA, id: diva2:292675
Projects
KKSprojekt Use of statistical and physical models for on-line optimization and controlAvailable from: 2010-02-09 Created: 2010-02-09 Last updated: 2016-05-16Bibliographically approved

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Dahlquist, Erik

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