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Obstacles for CCS deployment: An analysis of discrepancies of perceptions
Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3831-0886
Linköpings Universitet.
ZeroMission, Stockholm, Sweden.
2012 (English)In: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, ISSN 1381-2386, E-ISSN 1573-1596, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 601-619Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The potential for CO2 emission reductions through carbon capture and storage (CCS) is depending on investments that can develop the technology from its current R&D status through to commercial applications. An important intermediate step in this development is demonstration plants that can prove the economic, social, and ecological feasibility of CCS technologies and validate the associated global CO2 emission abatement potentials. Based on a CCS stakeholder questionnaire survey and a literature review, we critically analyse discrepancies regarding how obstacles and barriers to deploy demonstration plants are perceived. We identify a significant gap between CCS policies versus important deployment considerations and CCS stakeholder policy demands. This gap is exemplified and emphasised by an analysis of restructured, postponed, and cancelled CCS projects. The findings question the rationality of current CCS abatement potential estimates and deployment goals as established in scenarios and by policymakers. To bridge the gap towards proving CCS through demonstration activities, the article highlights important policy implications to establish a broad understanding of deployment obstacles. Attention to these are important for policymakers as well as for scenario builders as to evaluate measures to prove the abatement potential and hence support current focus on CCS as a key abatement potential.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2012. Vol. 17, no 6, p. 601-619
Keywords [en]
Carbon capture and storage; Deployment; Risk; Abatement potential; Stakeholder analysis
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-7321DOI: 10.1007/s11027-011-9353-3ISI: 000305985200003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84864277846OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-7321DiVA, id: diva2:241754
Available from: 2009-10-05 Created: 2009-10-05 Last updated: 2017-09-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The industry role in policymaking: Policy learning in climate politics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The industry role in policymaking: Policy learning in climate politics
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Climatic change has sparked a broad range of responses on all societal levels. New initiatives and negotiations, scientific findings, and technological developments, have established a novel framework for policymaking and industrial abatement investments. Lessons on the evolving framework should be analysed and utilised to handle the dynamic reality of climate policymaking processes.

Governments in the majority of economies only have an indirect and long-term influence on reducing industrial emissions, as they do not own the emitting operations. As representing one-third of the global carbon dioxide emissions, industry is therefore a key stakeholder group in whether or not the political agenda will be fulfilled. How industry perceives that obstacles and opportunities affect investment calculi are thus important. Hence, policymakers should facilitate policy learning (PL) to aid the creation of effective and efficient political agendas. This is important to acknowledge the policy and investment experiences of industrial actors and to deal with a number of plausible investment obstacles identified under the novel framework.

Taking stock of PL and other policy theories, this thesis is aimed to develop recommendations for facilitating PL and thus contributing to more effective and efficient climate policy frameworks. The results highlight the role of industry in abatement and political strategies where policymakers need to gain knowledge on how industries perceive abatement investment obstacles and how these may be bridged. The intrinsic learning values of government-industry negotiated agreements (NAs) are emphasised and a framework for operationalising PL through NA designs is developed. PL is furthermore identified as important, and NAs are recommended as a policy instrument, to fill knowledge gaps identified in two case-studies of promoting complex and novel industrial operations. This thesis also recommends a participatory policy evaluation tool that is sensitive to industrial competitiveness and establishes a forum for discussions on perceived investment obstacles and opportunities under different conditions. The results are not aimed to provide a blueprint for a comprehensive climate policy framework but as a contribution to literature and the incremental learning that this thesis strongly promotes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University, 2009
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 78
Keywords
Climate policy; Policy learning; Participatory policymaking; Policy evaluation; Voluntary agreements; Negotiated agreements; Industry
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Energy- and Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-7324 (URN)978-91-86135-40-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-11-02, Zeta, Högskoleplan 1, Västerås, 13:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-10-06 Created: 2009-10-05 Last updated: 2013-11-12Bibliographically approved

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Stigson, Peter

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